Writing About Literature

topic
what a piece of nonfiction writing is about; the subject matter that is usually expressed in the prompt

topic sentence
an arguable claim or postion the writer takes on a topic that must include the author, the title and the topic being argued

reasons
details that tell why an opinion is valid or why an even occured

facts
statements that can be proved

statistics
facts expressed in numbers

examples
specific instances from the story that PROVE the topic through quoted examples or paraphrased examples

closing sentence
restates the main idea of the paragraph using different words

theme
is the central message of literary work about life or human nature

prompt
a question that is answered using evidence from the literature

transition
a word or phrase that moves the piece of writing along and introduces evidence and/or quotes and the origin

citation
evidence in the form of a quote that requires documentation and quotation marks around the words taken directly from the text

paraphrase
evidence in the form of a summary that does not require documentation

documentation
citation of sources that the author of the paper consulted and is cited within the paper or at the end or both

analysis
multiple sentences that expalin how the citation/fact support the claim/topic sentence

works cited
a list of works that you referenced in your paper

italics
how long works like novels, movies, magazines and newpapers are punctuated

quotations
how short works like short stories, t.v. show episodes and magazine and newspaper titles are punctuated