About when was this speech given?
Before the Civil War; 1850s
What is the tone of the introduction?
Douglass begins the introduction by professing how nervous he is in order to draw the audience in and help them warm up to him. He also acts humble, and patriotic
Why does Douglass consistently use the pronoun “your” in this speech?
He is creating the separation between the slave and the free whites
The tone of the speech changes by the end of the introduction. How does Douglass seem to become? What emotions? Why?
He becomes angrier as the speech continues. He is reaching his point about slavery being the thing that makes the 4th hypocritical, and as he does so, he grows angrier and more impassioned
What does Douglass think about slavery’s future in North America?
If slavery were to continue it would be the death of America – would lead to war – this is where we see the dried up river analogy
In some ways, the first part of the speech is a traditional patriotic speech. Identify these elements.
He talks about America being a great nation, and our Founding Fathers being wonderful people
Douglass uses religious language in discussing Independence. Why do you think he does so?
He wants to use any means to convince people to end slavery. Including using the example of Joseph and his brothers, as well as the Israelites being slaves in Egypt
What is his opinion of the American Founders? What characteristics does he praise about them?
He praises them because they were great men. He thinks they were extremely intelligent, and the thinks it is admirable that when they realized they were oppressed by Britain, they rebelled
In the second part of the speech, Douglass turns to the present and his own feelings about the 4th of July celebration. What are these?
It is hypocritical that a nation built on slavery can celebrate a day of freedom
How does he show that everyone in America, North and South, views enslaved Africans as human beings
There are laws concerning slaves. If they were not humans, there would be no need to create laws about them.
What feelings is he appealing to in his audience in this section?
Douglass appeals to both logic and emotion in his readers
slave who escaped to the north
fought against Mr. Covey
taught himself to read and write
realized education was the path to freedom
became a ship caulker
Colonel Edward Lloyd
Owned the Great House Farm
Colonel Edward Lloyd
used tar on the fence around his garden to keep slaves out
Colonel Edward Lloyd
used to ask slaves what they thought of their master, then sell those who answered in a way he didn’t like
Captain Thomas Auld
Lucretia Auld’s husband; became a Christian and then became even more cruel to his slaves
Douglass’s first master – most likely his father
Douglass’s master in Baltimore
Forbids his wife to teach Douglass to read
Unknowingly inspires Douglass to become educated
says that education would ruin the best slave
was a working woman who had never owned slaves
taught Douglass his ABC’s
grew cruel under the influence of slavery
serves as a warning about how slavery is harmful to whites
a breaker of slaves
Douglass fought him
ran into the river to avoid being punished
was shot and killed when he refused to listen
was whipped by Captain Anthony for sneaking away to Ned
the first whipping Douglass ever witnessed
gives Douglass a root to keep him safe from Mr. Covey
most likely who told about Douglass’s first escape attempt
In what state did Douglass spend most of his years as a slave?
How did Douglass continue to learn to read?
He bribed and tricked little white boys
Why did Douglass go to prison?
Under suspicion of planning to escape
How did Douglass and his fellow slave friends plan to escape slavery?
By boat with forged notes of passage
In Baltimore, what does Douglass learn is “the pathway from slavery to freedom”?
Who was the first person to help Douglass with money and shelter after his escape?
Douglass is able to successfully escape by not arousing suspicion. How does he do this?
Acting happy and giving all his money to his master