The Outsiders Literary Terms

Setting
Time place of a story implicitly or Explicitly
Example From “The Outsiders”: Time: Mid-1960s
Place: Tulsa, OK

Point of View
The perspective from which the story is told
Example From “The Outsiders” : “The Outsiders” is told in First-Person point of view

First Person
Character Within the story is telling it; “I”
Example From “The Outsiders”: “When I stepped out into the bright sunlight….”

Third Person
Someone outside the story is telling it; “he/she”
Example From “The Outsiders”: “When he stepped out into the bright sunlight….”

Narrator
A person who tells a story
Example From “The Outsiders”: Ponyboy is the narrator of The Outsiders

Characterization
The method a writer uses to develop a character; directly or indirectly
Example From “The Outsiders”: Characters are developed through appearance, actions, thoughts, and the reactions of others

Major Character
Plays a large role in the story; main character
Example From “The Outsiders”: Ponyboy, Johnny, and Dally

Minor Characters
less important Characters who interact with the main characters
Example From “The Outsiders”: Marcia and Steve

Protagonist
The central character or hero of a story
Example From “The Outsiders”: PonyBoy

antagonist
The force working against the main character /hero
Example From “The Outsiders”: The socs; society

Similie
A comparison of 2 separate things using like or as
Example From “The Outsiders”: Soda pop Attracted girls like honey draws flies

Connotation
The idea and feeling associated with a word
Example From “The Outsiders”:Positive – Curious Negative -Nosy – Positive – Mature negative – old

Alllusion
A reference to another piece of literature of art Within a story
Example From “The Outsiders”: “Great Expectations” and “Gone with the Wind”

Foreshadowing
When an author provides hints that predict future events in a story
Example From “The Outsiders”: Things gotta get better, I figured . They could’t get any worse . I was wrong . Page 52

Alliteration
The repetition of consonants in a phrase or line
Example From “The Outsiders”: Her Hardest Hue to hold

Metaphor
The comparison to one thing to another without using like or as
Example From “The Outsiders”: Natures first Green is Gold

Theme
The underlying meaning or message of a Literary work
Example From “The Outsiders”: overcoming hardships, fitting in, doing the right thing , and friendship are all themes

Personification
Non-living things are given Human traits
Example From “The Outsiders”: Nature’s first green is gold. Her hue to hold