Romantic Period American Literature

When did the Romantic period start and what were some trends?
Started around the 1830’s
Man is motivated by intuition.
Trust your heart.
Passion provides purpose.
Learn through imagination.
Create fiction and identity.
Value non conformity
Dream always.
When did the Romantic period start and what were some trends?

What were some important events during the Romantic Period?
1820’s – first world wide recognition of American writers example.. James Fenimore Cooper and Washington Irving.
1829-1836- Andrew Jackson Presidency: the rule of the common man.
1846-1848: The Mexican War ( political manifest destiny)
1861- 1865 : The Civil War.
What were some important events during the Romantic Period?

What were some major themes of the Romantic Period?
1. Intuition
2. conflict between body and spirit.
3. The nature of reality- is it known within or without?
4. The nature of nature- benevolent or malevolent?
5. The conflict between faith and doubt
6. mystical experiences and revelation leading to the truth.
7. Nature and self as ways to find the truth beyond the bible.
8. Self Reliance- the importance of self or the individual
9. The value of non conformity
10. Utopian ideals – equality for all men.
11. Manifest Destiny of the U.S.
12. Nobility of savage and the dignity of farmers.
13. transcendentalism
14. The individual soul as part of the larger soul of God.
What were some major themes of the Romantic Period?

Washington Irving
Wrote: The Sketchbook of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent. and
The Author’s Account of Himself. and Rip Van Winkle.
Washington Irving

James Fenimore Cooper
Wrote: The Leather stocking Tales. He also wrote The Deerslayer and The Last of the Mohicans.
Also wrote The Spy The Pioneers and The Pilot which was also the first sea novel.
James Fenimore Cooper

William Cullen Bryant
Wrote: To a Waterfowl and To the Fringed Gentian
William Cullen Bryant

Edgar Allan Poe
Wrote: The Fall of the House of Usher, The Purloined Letter, Sonnet to Science and The Raven.
Edgar Allan Poe

Ralph Waldo Emerson
Wrote: Self Reliance
Ralph Waldo Emerson

Henry David Thoreau
Wrote: Civil Disobedience, and Walden
Henry David Thoreau

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
A fireside or schoolhouse poet known everywhere .
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

John Greenleaf Whittier
Humanitarianism activist fighting for the common man

Abraham Lincoln
Wrote the Gettysburg Address.
Key points: led to civil war.
It Captured the realities of idealism of war and the American Renaissance.
It was graceful yet convicting.
It marked the Battle of Gettysburg as a turning point in our history. Honored 50,000 men killed and wounded.
It is one of the greatest and most important speeches in American history.
Abraham Lincoln

Emily Dickinson
Wrote: 336 poems

What is Transcendentalism?
It emphasized truths not received only through physical senses, but arrived through intuition. For example Mystical experiences.
What is Transcendentalism?

Who were some authors of Transcendentalism?
Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Bronson Alcott, Margret Fuller and Nathaniel Hawthorne.
Who were some authors of Transcendentalism?

What is The Brahmins?
It is the highest caste in the Hindu society; Holmes humorously named the group for being high caste aristocratic Boston poets.
What is The Brahmins?

Who were The Brahmins?
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Oliver Wendell Homes
James Russel Lowell
William Cullen Bryant
John Greenleaf Whitter
They were called fireside, or schoolroom poets.
Who were The Brahmins?