Research Project Final Copy

Today, America is transforming into another generation of creative thinkers and doers. They are intelligent, young and powerful in number. They are the Millennial. Part I: Today’s Metropolitan In the United States of America, society is transforming in ways we never dreamt possible. Nationally, metropolitan areas are growing day by day. There is about 84% of the American population (or about 255 million civilians) living in metropolitan areas (as cited in Landis, 2009, p. 2). The current shifts from the rural to urban setting can be explained almost on every level from economic reasons to the age of those moving.

The fact of the matter is, geographers can see that the future landscape Of the American metropolitan area is growing and fast (Landis, 2009, p. 2). One of the reasons why the shift is occurring correlates with the demographic of the aging residential neighborhoods. There are many older Americans that occupy these regions. Many businesses and young talent are seeking to redevelop and reposition in the metropolitan communities. These movements to newer and better areas are what have diminished the thirty- year metropolitan population loss.

Growth is occurring once again (Landis, 009, p. 12). Part II: Technology, public Transportation and a New Generation After reading the history of public transportation, the single largest complaint that I have noticed had to deal with the unknowing amount of wait time. Then in 2000, public transportation changed in a way that would revolutionize the way people view public transportation. A new technology brought to the transit system gave the commuters the ability to access real- time data to locate and estimate the arrival of the next bus (Dickens, Neff & Grisly, 2012, p. 13).

The reason why public transportation seems to be eating upward is due to the user. Today, Millennial are embracing the technology by simply downloading an app via their smartened. Even social networking tools have given this new generation more was to get around. This is changing our nation’s public transportation landscape (Larry, n. D. ). Millennial whom embrace technology have no problem waiting for a bus. They simply tap an icon to bring them a map that tracks the bus via satellite. This has either significantly or completely ruled out the unknown amount of wait time.

Currently, about 25% of the Millennial believe these applications re part of the reason they have become less car dependent (Vary, 2014). When Millennial were asked about other reasons why they favored public transportation, 40% pointed out that they were able to multicast while utilizing the different modes of community transit, such as bus or subway. They were able to surf the web, send emails among other things that they could not do while driving themselves (as cited in Vary, 2014). The other thing that was mention was Millennial purchased things over the Internet more than actually traveling to a brick and mortar building in town.

They also tied that they are more inclined to interacting with friends via the Internet rather than travel to meet in person (Duties & Bacchanal, 2013, p. 20). Part Ill: Millennial & the Automobile There has been much discussion of other reasons why the average American has driven less and less in recent years. Along with this, large portions of 20 to 30 year-olds have realized that an automobile is something they can live without (Vary, 2014). Some researchers have debated that the decline in driving was possibly correlated with the recession.

Robert Foss, one of these researchers, argues that this decrease in youth driving is directly related with the economic downturn. He also believes these numbers will rebound once the economy reaches a pivotal point (as cited in Larry, n. D. ). Sure, the recession has played a role in deterring the youth of America from driving but the thing is the economy is not the only factor causing this new mindset. Millennial have continually expressed that they are open to living a lifestyle without a car. This is the largest out of any generation known to date.

Especially a generation that is fueled by technologies that make public transportation more attractive (Duties & Bacchanal, 2013, p. 20). Part IV: Demand of Choice The most interesting part of all the data that collected was that Millennial demanded more public transportation options to get around on. They did not see the need to own a personal vehicle that utilizes that same “on- demand” feature. The Millennial are multimode in that sense. They want the ability to choose how they get from point A to point B (through either walking, cycling or utilizing public transit) based on their trip.

They value the communities they live in which is why they find public transportation another way to ingrain themselves with others. Once again they also mention they eke the fact they can work as they travel to their destinations (Larry, n. D. ). According to the survey by the Global Strategy Group, “80% of Millennial say it’s important to have a wide range of options… ” (as cited in Access, 2014). See Figure 1, a survey completed in March of 201 0, by the Future of Transportation National Survey. The remarkable thing is Millennial are driven by the desire to “make a difference” in their life.

They explained a few more reason why they enjoy their multi-modal lifestyle through use of public transportation. They liked the fact that they were aiding in the depletion of active environmental impacts. They again cited that the public transpiration was easy to use (connect) and created a sense of community or belonging (Vary, 2014). The other aspect Millennial found public transportation gave was jobs and a better economy (Access, 2014). Part V: Creative Class Richard Florida wrote, Cities and the Creative Class and found data that Millennial valued accessibility in relationship to where they decided to locate.

Many of the participants wanted to be able to get to different places through different modes of transportation. Many of these Millennial did not own an automobile and they made sure Of this by locating in regions that made public transportation easy. The young creative worker shared a common preference toward mass transportation. They valued regions such as Boston, New York City, Washington, D. C. And Chicago. What was surprise though these Millie nail/creative class valued the subway or light rail over the bus system (Florida, 2005, p. 85). Part VI: Millennial & Cities vs..

Public Transportation A large portion of today’s Millennial population wants better access to a variety of public transportation options. In the same Global Strategy Group revue, they discovered, of their 703 participants, roughly half (49%) male and a little over half (51 %) female, 54% cited they would relocate to a city with more transit options and 66% cited that high-quality transit systems were part of their three criterion for settling decisions (Access, 2014). According to Pew Research Center, 33% of the Millennial who currently reside within the metropolitan area have cited they have many transit options at their disposal.

The city that follows this trend and invests in the construction of more options will see an influx in Millennial population growth while cities that void such transformations stand to loose (Vary, 2014). See Figure 2 Future of Transportation National Survey. The suburbs also stand to loose from the Millennial movement back to the central city. Alan Rinehart points out that if the suburbs want to survive they will have to undergo massive amounts of retrofitting. They will need to become denser.

So much would have to change; Rinehart doesn’t know if this is possible but he does see this as a way the suburban areas can transform to fit the Millennial population interests (Rinehart, 201 2, p. 216). Part VII: Conclusion There were over “10. Billion trips on public transportation in 2013. Which is the highest figure in 57 years, according to the American Public Transportation Association” (Vary, 2014). This is a sign of changing times. Michael Melanesia, president and CEO of APT A, believes that the United States must enact more public transportation policies that suit the current and future needs of the Millennial generation.

He also believes Congress should create and approve a long-term investment bill in public transportation that focuses heavily on differentiating the modes in each city across the county (Larry, n. D. ). There seems to be a possible policy or two, perhaps a bill, dealing with investments in a variety of transit options in cities, for the Millennial generation. Whether this happens or not the future of public transportation within society will remain in the shadows until the future comes to be. On that note, policy on this issue could be the future but things can always change.

Part VIII: Cities: Mature and Growing and Aspiring The following section is a mixture of data that I have composed to elaborate three genres of cities. There are “mature” cities, “growing’ cities and “aspiring’ cities. The survey completed by the Global Strategy Group, hired by The Rockefeller Foundation along with support by the Transportation for America, has gain an in-depth analysis of Millennial relationship between their personal vehicle access and options to avoid the need for a vehicle. Their results are composed through a chart that have constructed below.

Total Surveyed: 703 Interviews Type of City Access to a Vehicle Very Important to Millennial Mature Cities (San Francisco/New York/Chicago) 27% Growing Cities (Los Angels/Charlotte/Denver/Minneapolis-SST. Paul) Aspiring Cities (Nashville/landslips/Tampa-SST. Petersburg) 82% Millennial want their City to Offer More Opportunities to live and work without a vehicle Mature Cities 77% (The data above is from Access, 2014). This data is interesting because “mature” cities Millennial population do not value the need to have access to a personal vehicle.

The percentage increases further down due to “newer” or “growing to aspiring’ cities that do not have the public transportation options the “mature” cities have because of their age development. The “mature cities also have many more offers when it comes to transit options because they have “seniority’ and the population numbers to back them up. We see the decrease in demand further down the table. OFFICIAL Citation Guide Access to public transportation A top criterion for millennial when deciding where to live, new survey shows. (2014, Par 22).