Nobel Prize Winners-Literature

Rudyard Kipling
1907 Nobel Prize in Literature, United Kingdom
Born in India. First English language writer to receive the prize and its youngest recipient to date. Declined offers of British Poet Laureateship and knighthood.

Works include:
-The Jungle Book:
-The Man Who Would Be King
-Just So Stories
-The White Man’s Burden

Rudyard Kipling

John Galsworthy
1932 Nobel Prize in Literature, United Kingdom

Works Include:
-The Forsyte Saga:
-Man of Property
-A Modern Comedy

John Galsworthy

George Bernard Shaw
1925 Nobel Prize for literature, Ireland

Promoted eugenics, denounced both sides of WWI, praised Mussolini, Naziism and Stalin. Refused state honors, including Order of Merit in 1946.

Works Include:
-Man and Superman
-Pygmalion
-Saint Joan

George Bernard Shaw

W.B. Yeats
1923 Nobel Prize in Literature, Ireland

Served as Irish Senator, founded the Abbey Theater. First Irishman to win Nobel for Literature

Works Include:
-The Tower, includes several of his most famous poems, including “Sailing to Byzantium,” “Leda and the Swan,” and “Among School Children.”
-The Winding Stair and Other Poems:

W.B. Yeats

Thomas Mann
1929 Nobel Prize in Literature. Germany

Won Goethe Prize in 1949.
Opposed Nazis, fled to Switzerland. Record anti-Nazi radio for the Allies.

Works include:
-Buddenbrooks
-Magic Mountain
-Death in Venice

Thomas Mann

Sinclair Lewis
1930 Nobel Prize in Literature, American from Minnesota.

First American writer to win Nobel Prize in Literature. Also won Pulitzer in 1926-Refused

Works include:
-Babbitt
-It Can’t Happen Here
-Arrow Smith

Sinclair Lewis

Eugene O’Neill
1936 Nobel Prize for Literature, American from New York

His plays were among the first to use vernacular and involve characters on the fringes of society. Nearly all involve some degree of tragedy and pessimism.

Works include:
-Long Day’s Journey Into Night:
-The Iceman Cometh
-Ah, Wilderness!

Eugene O'Neill

Pearl S. Buck
1938 Nobel Prize in Literature, first American woman to do so

Works Include:
-The Good Earth
-Sons
-A House Divided

Pearl S. Buck

T.S. Eliot
1948 Nobel Prize in Literature, United Kingdom

Born in U.S. but later naturalized British subject and renounced American citizenship

Poems include:
-The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock
-The Waste Land
-The Hollow Men
-Murder in the Cathedral (play)

T.S. Eliot

William Faulkner
1949 Nobel Prize in Literature, American from Oxford, Mississippi

Works Include:
-A Fable, won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction
-The Reivers, won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction
-Sound and the Fury
-As I Lay Dying
-Light in August
-Absalom, Absalom!

William Faulkner

Bertrand Russell
-Won the 1950 Nobel Prize in Literature
Bertrand Russell

Winston Churchill
1953 Nobel Prize in Literature, United Kingdom

Was often confused with American writer of same name

“For his mastery of historical and biographical description as well as for brilliant oratory in defending exalted human values”

Ernest Hemingway
Won the 1954 Nobel Prize in Literature, from Oak Park, Illinois

Works Include:
-The Old Man and the Sea
-The Sun Also Rises
-A Moveable Feast

Ernest Hemingway

Albert Camus
Won the 1957 Nobel Prize in Literature, France, born in French Algeria

Works Include:
-The Stranger
-The Plague
-The Myth of Sisyphus

Albert Camus

John Steinbeck
1962 Nobel Prize in Literature, American from Salinas, California

Works Include:
-Tortilla Flat
-East of Eden
-Of Mice and Men
-The Red Pony
-The Grapes of Wrath, won Pulitzer

John Steinbeck

Jean-Paul Sartre
1964 Nobel Prize in Literature, France

Refused Nobel, but later asked for the prize money and was turned down

Works Include:
-Existentialism and Humanism

Jean-Paul Sartre

Saul Bellow
1976 Nobel Prize in Literature, Canadian/American

Works Include:
-The Dangling Man
-Humboldt’s Gift, won Pulitzer
-Mr. Sammler’s Planet, won National Book Award
-Herzog, won National book Award
-Adventures of Augie March, won National Book Award

Gabriel Garcia Marquez
1982 Nobel Prize in Literature, Columbian

Works Include:
-One Hundred Years of Solitude
-The Autumn of the Patriarch
-Love in the Time of Cholera

Sir William Gerald Golding
1983 Nobel Prize in Literature, United Kingdom

Works Include:
-Lord of the Flies
-Rites of Passage, the 1st book in the trilogy To the Ends of the Earth
-The Inheritors

Toni Morrison
1993 Nobel Prize in Literature, USA

First black female Nobel Prize in Literature Laureate

Works Include:
-The Bluest Eye
-Sula
-Song of Solomon
-Beloved (1987).

Toni Morrison