MAP Literary Elements ; Techniques 201-210

alliteration
repeating the same beginning sound of words (i.e. “Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers”)

dialogue
a conversation between people or characters, marked by quotes

exposition
background information regarding the setting, characters, plot

extended metaphor
a metaphor that appears frequently after its first mention in a text

falling action
events after the climax and after the conflict has been resolved

figurative language
creative language that creates images in the reader’s mind; includes figures of speech like metaphor, simile, and personification

foreshadowing
a suggestion of what is going to happen

idiom
a common saying that has meaning different from what the literal words mean

imagery
words and phrases that recreate a sound, sight, smell, touch, or taste

literary device
any tool that an author uses to give more meaning to their work or suggest a theme

literary element
the parts that make up a story or poem

personification
giving a personal or human characteristic to something nonhuman (i.e. “the whispering trees”)

scene
place where an incident in real life or fiction occurs

simile
comparing one thing with something different using “like” or “as”

symbolism
when objects or actions mean more than themselves

setting
place and time of a story