Definition Of terms Resume What is abortion? Abortion is the termination of pregnancy by the removal or expulsion from the uterus of a fetus or embryo before viability. An abortion can occur spontaneously, in which case it is often called a miscarriage, or it can be purposely induced. The term abortion most commonly refers to the induced abortion of a human pregnancy. After viability, the relevant procedure is referred to as a “late termination of pregnancy”.
Modern medicine utilizes medications and surgical procedures for induced abortion. Abortion, when induced in the developed world in accordance with local law, is among the safest procedures in medicine. Uncomplicated abortions do not cause either long term psychological or physical problems. Unsafe abortions, however, result in approximately 47,000 maternal deaths and 5 million hospital admissions per year globally. An estimated 44 million abortions are performed globally each year, with slightly under half of those performed unsafely.
The number of abortions has stabilized in recent years, having revisions spent decades declining as access to family planning education and contraceptive services increased. Forty percent of the world’s women have access to legal induced abortions “without restriction as to reason, within gestational limits. ” Induced abortion has a long history and has been performed by various methods, including herbal abortiveness, the use of sharpened tools, physical trauma, and other traditional methods. The legality, prevalence, cultural and religious status of abortion varies substantially around the world.
Its legality can depend on specific conditions, such as incest, rape, fetal defects, and a high risk of disability, socioeconomic factors or the mother’s health being at risk. In many parts of the world there is prominent and divisive public controversy over the moral, ethical, and legal issues of abortion. Those who are against abortion generally posit that an embryo or fetus is a human with the right to life and may equate abortion to murder, while proponents of abortion rights emphasize a woman ‘s right to decide about matters concerning her own body.