Literary Terms: Narrative: Point of View

Author
Authors are individuals who, by their intellectual and imaginative powers, purposefully create from the materials of their experience and reading a literary work which is distinctively their own.

Narrator
The character or voice that conveys the story.

Point of view
Signifies the way a story gets told, the modes established by the author by means of which the reader is presented with the characters, dialogue, actions, setting, and events which constitute the narrative.

Omniscient point of view
Usually in the third person, the narrator knows all and is free to reveal anything, including what the characters are thinking or feeling and why they act as they do.

Limited omniscient point of view
The narrator, usually in the third person, is limited to a complete knowledge of one character in the story, revealing what that one character experiences, thinks, and feels. Two types: major character or minor character

First person point of view
The story is told by one of its characters, in the first person. The first person narrator may either be a major character or a minor character.

Objective or dramatic point of view
The third person narrator is limited to revealing the actions and dialogue of the characters, but does not interpret their behavior or reveal their thoughts.