Leadership

Leadership Case Study Leaders are people who are role models to others, always focused towards their goals, strongly motivated and has the ability to develop the willpower, strength and perseverance to achieve his/her target. There many characteristics that dictates if a person is qualified to be a leader or an example for others. A good leader must have character, communication and listening skills. For example by a strong character a leader will not fall apart when he faces a failure but will take this failure as a stepping stone and move n to the next Step in life.

Interaction between the leader and his followers will increase the bond they share so that opinions and ideas can be shared throughout the group to enhance their cause or a project. A good leader must listen to his followers as to allow them to build a commitment and better to the group because their ideas and suggestions are being listened to. This also allows the leader to improve his job by knowing his followers and accepting criticism. A leader should accept criticism as a feedback and work to be a better person in life.

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Besides this, a leader should have a clear vision on what e is doing, positive attitude and ambition, good problem solver, risk-taker, honesty and integrity. Vision gives a leader the clear mindset on what he is doing. It’s important to have a vision and working towards achieving it. For example in an organization without a clear mindset a leader will not have a proper and clear mindset to get things done.. A good leader should have a positive attitude and be ambitious. Having a positive attitude and mindset gives a lot of inner strength and build confident in a person life.

With that positivist it’s always good help to understand and gives a good solution to the robber. A leader must like new challenges in life and always wants to learn something new in life, should be disciplined by being disciplined and following the rules and regulations of the company or the organization and have a good personality. A leader should know how to be present in front of others. A role model has to be a good problem solver as well. To solve the problem the leader has to be calm and does not blame others for his mistake.

A leader should find the solution to every problem he comes across in life and he/she shouldn’t run away from the problem but stand and face it with full infinite. A leader should be a risk taker in what he is doing. For example bring in new product or giving a solution to the problems. By being a risk taker it will motivate to be a good leader in future and this person should not be scared to try something new but a leader should accept to the changes in the organization. They should also be tolerant and always patience and calm at all the time especially went making a decision.

Control of emotions is efficient to being a leader meaning they cannot bring family problems to the office and always show a professional attitude. Furthermore, a leader should always have an important element which is honesty and integrity. In and company; a leader should be a good example and must be honest to take over responsibility. Dedication towards work is a must and being trustworthy by others is important to create the trust. Being a leader has to involve courage to face any kind of situation in life. Giving his followers strength and courage in whatever they are doing while teaching and guiding them to face difficulty.

Of all the qualities a leader must possess for oneself and his followers, commitment is the most important. It is important to give 100% of committed in what he is doing. A leader should also be a good role model to others. Leader has to be an example by having all the good characteristics in himself. A leader has to overcome all the obstacles and remain calm in whatever problem he faces. Example of a leader is NYPD former Police Commissioner, Raymond W. Kelly. He has committed most of is live to law enforcement and accomplishing success within this countries deep retests.

He has make difficult decisions that benefits law enforcement and sets examples for others. With fifty years in public service, and the last twelve as police commissioner of the City of New York, Raymond W. Kelly, born September 4th 1 941, is one of the world’s most well-known and highly esteemed leaders in law enforcement. In January 2002, Mayor Bloomberg appointed Ray Kelly as the Nappy’s police commissioner. With this appointment Kelly is the longest serving police commissioner in the city’s history, as well as the first to hold the post for a second, separate tenure.

He was previously appointed as Nappy’s police commissioner by Mayor David N. Dinkies from 1992-1994. In 2002, Commissioner Ray Kelly created the first counterterrorism bureau of any municipal department in the country. He also established a new global intelligence program and commissioned New York City’s detectives in eleven foreign cities. In addition to the dedication Of extensive sources to preventing another terrorist attack, the NYPD has driven violent crime down by 40% from the levels in the previous year. A Real Time Crime Center was also established by Commissioner Kelly.

This crime center is a state-of-the-art facility that uses data min inning to search millions of computer records and put investigative leads into the hands of the detectives in the field. Commissioner Kelly served as commissioner of the U. S. Customs Service, where he managed the agency’s 20,000 employers and 20 billion in annual revenue. For his accomplishment at Customs, Commissioner Kelly was awarded the Alexander Hamilton Medal for Exceptional Service. After that he was formerly senior managing director of global corporate security at Bear, Stearns ; Co. Inc.

From 1996 to 1 998, Kelly was undersecretary for enforcement at the third highest post in the department at the time which was the U. S. Treasury Department. While working there, he supervised the departments enforcement bureaus including the U. S. Customs Service, the U. S. Secret Service, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms, and the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center. In 1 994 Kelly was appointed by President Bill Clinton to serve as a director of the international police monitors, a U. S led force responsible for establishing an interim police force in Haiti.

For this responsibility he was appointed to Commissioner Kelly was awarded the Exceptionally Meritorious Service Commendation by President Clinton. Mr.. Kelly served on the executive committee and was elected vice president for the international police organization, Americas of Interpol from 996 to 2000. Kelly, a forty-three-year veteran of NYPD served as police commissioner in twenty-five different commands. In 1963 he was appointed to the New York Department and shortly thereafter he accepted a commission to the United States Marine Corps Officer Program.

He served on active military duty from 1963-1966 which includes the combat tour in Vietnam. In 1966, Kelly returned to the police department and entered the New York City Police Academy, graduating with the highest combined average for academics, physical achievement, and marksmanship. He was also a ember of the inaugural class of the New York City Police Cadet Corps for three years while a student at Manhattan College. Commissioner Kelly holds a ABA from Manhattan College, a JDK from SST.

John’s Universe¶y’ School of Law, an CALM from New York University Graduate School of Law, and an AMP from the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. He has been awarded honorary degrees from the Catholic University of America, Manhattan College, SST. John’s University, the State University of New York, the College of SST. Rose, Ion College, Marxist College, New York University, Pace University, Chinquapin University, and SST. Thomas Aquinas College. Commissioner Kelly retired as a colonel from the Marine Corps Reserves after 30 years of service.

In September 2006, Commissioner Kelly was awarded France’s highest decoration, the Lgoon denouncer, by then French Minister Of the Interior Nicholas Karakas. Throughout all of his success and accomplishments, Commissioner Kelly was sometimes put in difficult situations that challenged his career. On July 21 SST 2008, Officer Daniel Hernandez, a Brooklyn law enforcement officer, shot an unarmed man, Named Evans who was wanted at the time for violating an ex-girlfriend’s order of protection and was hiding under a van when the police discovered his hiding place.

Officer Hernandez shot Named Evans between the shoulder blades in his back. Evans was shot as he was crawling out from under a van in Bedford-Stuyvesant. Hernandez said that Evans had “reached for his waistband but later admitted that it was dark and that he couldn’t see much. The NYPD discharge review board found Hernandez “used deadly physical force against another person without having probable cause to believe that he must protect himself or another person present from imminent death or serious physical injury. (Moran, L. 01 1) According to the court papers, Hernandez claimed he fired a single bullet because he was “scared” and thought Evans was reaching for a weapon in his waistband. The papers allege that in Officer Hernandez defense, Van’s ex-girlfriend had warned the cops that he was violent and impulsive; probably possessing a flee arm (gun) in the bag he was carrying although she has never seen a weapon. The case was not presented to a grand jury by the Brooklyn district attorneys office. However the NYPD firearms discharge review board decreed that the shooting was outside department guidelines.

When Officer Hernandez was found guilty in 201 3 after an administrative trial they NYPD firearms recommended disciplinary action, which was dismissal from the force. The city has paid $1. 75 million to Named Evans the now paraplegic victim of the shooting in Bedford-Stuyvesant by Officer Hernandez. Evans, 40, is confined to a wheelchair and has relocated to Philadelphia where he plans to pursue a career in Musical Arts as a DC. (Amarillo, J. 2014) Police Commissioner Raymond Kelly rejected the penalty suggested by the NYPD firearms and instead ordered that Hernandez be placed on probation for one year without is guns.

Hernandez was disappointed he was found guilty but gratified and appreciative to keep his job. The Nappy’s Chief spokesman, John McCarthy referred to “the totality of the circumstances and the otherwise good disciplinary history of the officer,” as Keel’s decision for rejecting the NYPD judge’s recommendation to dispose of Daniel Hernandez. The Commissioner agreed Officer Daniel Hernandez violated department guidelines when he shot Named Evans in the back on July 21, 2008, but concluded dismissal was not warranted. (Rails, C. 2011) But Hernandez won’t be getting his gun back.

According to Hernandez lawyer, Linda Crooning, Kelly ordered the cop to be placed on full duty with no firearm. Nick Politic, a spokesman for the city Law Department, said the settlement was in the best interest of all parties. Even though the city refused to represent Hernandez in the excessive force suit, he was not required to kick in a nickel to the plaintiffs settlement. “The autocratic-authoritarian cluster encompasses being arbitrary, controlling, power-oriented, coercive, punitive, and close-minded. The cluster has often been described in pejorative terms.

Stripped of negatives (emphasized by so any social scientists), it means taking full and sole responsibility for decision and control of followers’ performance. Autocrats stress obedience, loyalty, strict adherence to roles. They make and enforce the rules. They see that decisions are carried out. Powerful autocratic leaders throughout history have often been praised for their ability to develop reliable and devoted followers and to act as the principal authority figures in establishing and maintaining order. ” (Bass & Bass, 2008) Former Nappy’s Police Commissioner Raymond Kelly, was an authoritarian leader.

He provided clear expectations or what needs to be done, when it should be done, and how it should be done. Instead of being a democratic leader and accept the judge Of the Nappy’s judge, he rejected and stated his decision on Officer Hernandez case. Kelly was firm and precise about the punishment being that since Hernandez wasn’t fully equipped to be a field agent he was given probation because he was a good law enforcer. Kelly had the command of a leader and the control of his followers and there was also a clear division between the leader and the followers.

Authoritarian leaders make decisions independently with little or no input from the rest of the group. Researchers found that decision-making was less creative under authoritarian leadership. Lenin also found that it is more difficult to move from an authoritarian style to a democratic style than vice versa. Authoritarian leadership is best applied to situations where there is little time for group decision-making or where the leader is the most knowledgeable member of the group. The autocratic approach can be a good thing when decisive and rapid decisions are needed.

However, it tends to create dysfunctional and even hostile environments where the followers are often pitted against the domineering leader. Cherry, K. A. 2006). Some people choose to lead, and some people choose to follow. But regardless of the roles we are given later in life, possessing the quality of strong leadership is an essential part of any successful college student. Leadership is a combination of many traits including communication, projection, empathy, and being a nice person to others.

Contrary to popular beliefs, I do not agree with Commissioner Raymond Kelly’s decreed of punishment for Officer Hernandez “mistake. ” As the philosopher Plato states in the Republic one of the reasons he’s against democracy is because that arm of government is too lenient with their criminals and wrongdoers. If the government continues to find a way to keep law enforcement officers from suffering their true punishment then they will start to believe that they are above the law and they will start to break the qualifications and rules of their department.

American law enforcement has undergone a dramatic transformation in the past few decades. The war on drugs, the world’s most effective way to fill prisons with minorities while doing nothing to curtail drug use, has warped the priorities and practices of police departments around the entry. There have been incidents over the years where law enforcers have exceeded the standards of brutality. Robert Davis, a retired elementary school teacher from New Orleans, was arrested and brutally beaten by police on suspicion of public intoxication. On the night of Cot. , 2005, just a little over a month after Hurricane Strain, Davis returned to New Orleans to check on his family property and went to the French Quarter to buy cigarettes. There, he was attacked by four police officers who said he was belligerent and resisted arrest by not allowing them to handcuff him. The beatings were audiotape by an Associated Press producer, who was also assaulted that night. The officers were either fired or suspended for their involvement, but many of the charges against them were cleared. In 2004, 26-year-old Frank Jude was viciously beaten by several off-duty Milwaukee police officers as he was leaving a party.

The group of men attacked Jude and his friend, Lovely Harris, claiming they stole one of the officers wallets that contained a police badge. Harris’ face was cut with a knife, but he was able to get free and run away. Jude was repeatedly punched and kicked, as well as stabbed in the ears tit a pen. Even the on-duty officer who was called to stop the fight began stomping on Suede’s head. In the state trial, the jury acquitted the three officers charged. There was a great deal of community outrage and demand for a federal investigation.

The federal grand jury convicted the three officers who were originally acquitted, but did acquit the fourth officer. Steve Bike was an anti-apartheid activist and leader of the black consciousness movement in South Africa. Bike was devoted to empowering black people and ending apartheid, but his message was cut short when the outspoken leader was arrested at a police roadblock under the Terrorism Act No 83 of 1967. While in police custody at Port Elizabeth, Bike was interrogated for a grueling 22 hours, which included torture and beatings that caused him to fall into a coma.

While in prison, Bike suffered a major head injury and was allegedly chained to a window grill all day. Bike was then transported to another prison with hospital facilities in Pretoria, but died upon arrival. Even though police claimed that his death Was caused by a hunger strike, it Was later announced that he actually died from the head injuries he received in prison. The Oligocene involved in Bike’s beatings were denied an amnesty by Archbishop Despond Tutu, but they were also never prosecuted. In 1991, a videotape circulated around the world of Rodney King being beaten by L. A. P. D. Officers after they put an end to the 8-mile high speed chase. Once surrounded, King and his two friends were ordered to step out of the vehicle and lie face down on the ground. King refused to comply, but eventually got out of the car and resisted an arrest. Once King got physical with some of the officers, they shot him with a Taste gun to knock him to the ground. He was then beaten ultimate times with a baton and kicked repeatedly. The video was a media sensation and it became one of the biggest police brutality cases in history. After the state trial, three of the four L. A. P. D. Officers were acquitted and the jury didn’t reach a verdict for the fourth. The acquittals sparked the 1 992 Los Angles riots and eventually led to a federal trial where two officers were found guilty and the other two were AC edited. Brutality has gone so far as to having people die at the hands of people who should be enforcing the law. Sean Bell was killed by NYPD detectives who fired 50 times at the car Bell and is friends were riding in on Novo. 25, 2006. On the night of the shooting, a group of undercover officers were investigating a Queens, New York, strip club that was allegedly allowing prostitution.

Bell was having his bachelor party at that club the same night. Following a confrontation that happened inside the club, one of the officers overheard Bell’s friend talk about getting his gun. In order to stop a shooting from happening, the officer confronted Bell and his friends while they were in the car and ordered them to Stop. Bell started to drive off and the officer thought he saw a gun in the car, so he and he other police opened fire on the car. After the injury trial came to an end, the judge found all three detectives not guilty of manslaughter and assault.

Timothy Thomas was tragically shot and killed by a Cincinnati police officer, who followed the young man down a dark alley and opened fire because he thought Thomas had a gun. The 1 9-year-old man had 14 open warrants at the time of the shooting, and, according to Officer Roach, he was given verbal commands to stop running but he did not comply. When Thomas began lowering his arms without instruction, Officer Roach opened fire and shot Thomas in the heart with a single bullet. There was no gun ever found on Thomas. Banner Lima is a Haitian immigrant who was brutally attacked and tortured by a white New York police officer on Gag. , 1997. NYPD officer, Justine Evolve, took Lima into the restroom of the 70th Precinct station house in Brooklyn and customized the young man with a broken broomstick and then put it in his face. In court, Evolve said that he thought Lima punched him in the head during a scuffle outside of a nightclub, but also admitted that he wanted to humiliate Lima regardless. Evolve left the police force and was intended to 30 years in prison, and Charles Schwartz was also sentenced to 15 years in prison for assisting Evolve in the assault.

This incident brought greater awareness to the ongoing pattern of white New York police officers abusing black men and overstepping their authority. Robert Mitchell, a 16- year-old from Detroit, was tragically killed by police who said the teen was resisting arrest after a traffic stop. Police used a Taste gun on Mitchell who was running from his cousin’s car and into an abandoned house. The Taste gun that killed Mitchell sent 50,000 volts of electricity into him. Police defended their use of the non-lethal weapon was because the teen was resisting an arrest.

An immigrant from Guiana, named Amanda Dialog, was shot and killed by New York police officers on the stoop of his apartment in February 1999. The four officers fired 41 times into the Bronx apartment building because they thought Dialog had a gun. The undercover officers said Dialog looked suspicious and thought he might have been assisting in a robbery or other criminal activity. Dialog didn’t follow the officers’ commands and when he reached into his pocket, the officers began shooting only to find UT that he was unarmed and was holding his wallet in his hand.

A year later, the four officers who shot Dialog were acquitted of second-degree murder and other charges. Police officers have gone as far as lacking compassion and understanding. Kathy Johnston was tragically killed by two Atlanta police officers during a botched drug raid in 2006. The 92-year-old woman was alone inside her home when the officers burst in without warning. She fired at them with a handgun, injuring three of the men, and they fired back at Johnston, striking her five or six times.

The officers were told by an undercover informant that he bought drugs from a dealer there named “Sam;” however, the man who claimed to be the informant said he never bought drugs at Johnston house. The two police officers involved in the shooting pleaded guilty to manslaughter and several other charges, and a third officer were also indicted in the murder case. Pardoning law enforcement officers who have done wrong will cause them to look down on the civilized people and treat us with lack of compassion and understanding. In Conclusion, leaders define society because they are ones who lead and we are the ones that are expected to follow.

They have accomplished and developed strategically influences to evolve society in order for crime deduction and a better way of life. Leaders are role models of society who lead and are supposed to make the world a better place without corruption and brutality. However w?re all human beings or free moral agents that are imperfect and we make mistakes but it’s up to the leaders of our society to make things right.