LAA Lit Comp–Unit 2: Slave Narrative, Abolitionist Literature and The Emancipation Proclamation

Anti Slavery Movement
The anti-slavery movement widely was caused by the fact that in the north people were realizing how morally wrong it was to treat human beings the way they were treating slaves. In the south it was met with hostility and response from churches saying that the Bible upholds slavery as right, using Philemon and other passages to prove their point

Abolitionist movement
An international movement that between approximately 1780 and 1890 succeeded in condemning slavery as morally repugnant and abolishing it in much of the world; the movement was especially prominent in Britain and the United States.

Militant Abolitionists
Radical convention that had anti-slavery members in attendance who advocated violence. Published pamphlets and articles for popular papers at the time

White Abolitionists
Writers and activists who promoted the anti-slavery movement. John Brown is an example. Brown’s attempt in 1859 to start a liberation movement among enslaved African Americans in Harpers Ferry, Virginia, electrified the nation. He was tried for treason against the Commonwealth of Virginia, the murder of five men and inciting a slave insurrection.

Harriet Beecher Stowe
(1811-1896) American was an abolitionist and author of the famous antislavery novel, Uncle Tom’s Cabin.

Slave narrative
the nonfiction autobiographical narrative account written by a slave or former slave that describes the experience of enslavement. These were important because they helped raise awareness about the evils of slavery and the need for abolition

Sojourner Truth
American abolitionist and feminist. Born into slavery, she escaped in 1827 and became a leading preacher against slavery and for the rights of women., United States abolitionist and feminist who was freed from slavery and became a leading advocate of the abolition of slavery and for the rights of women (1797-1883)

Solomon Northup
a free black man from New York who was kidnapped by white men in March 1841 and experienced twelve years as a slave until he conspired his way out of slavery and was reunited with his family; wrote “Twelve Years a Slave”

Harriet Jacobs
Author, Slave Narrative: Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl

Frederick Douglass
A former slave who was an abolitionist, gifted with eloquent speech and self-educated. In 1838 he was “discovered” as a great abolitionist to give antislavery speeches. He swayed many people to see that slavery was wrong by publishing “Narrative of the Life of Fredrick Douglass” which depicted slavery as being cruel. He also looked for ways politically to end slavery.

Abraham Lincoln
(1809-1865) Sixteenth president of the United States, he promoted equal rights for African Americans in the famed Lincoln- Douglas debates. He issued the Emancipation Proclamation and set in motion the Civil War, but he was determined to preserve the Union. He was assassinated in 1865.

Lincoln-Douglas debates
1858 Senate Debate, Lincoln has Frederick Douglas debate issue of slavery, Douglas supported popular sovereignty. Lincoln asserted that slavery should not spread to territories.

Emancipation Proclamation
Issued by Abraham Lincoln on September 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states are free on January 1, 1863. He used his executive powers as commander-in-chief to command the US Army, invite southern slaves to join and condemned the rebel confederate insurgents.

Unchained memories
Dramatic reenactments of experiences of African Americans who had lived under the system of forced enslavement in the US. Stories were recorded by Federal workers in the 1930’s and collected in volumes for the Library of Congress.

Manumission
the freeing of individual enslaved persons