Introduction to Literature Fiction Vocabulary

foreshadowing
a writer’s use of hints or clues to indicate events that will occur later in a story

symbol
a person, place, or object that represents something beyond itself

resolution/denouement
where the tangles of the plot are untied and the mysteries are solved.

protagonist
the central character in a story and is always involved in the central conflict of the plot.

short story/fiction
a work of fiction that can be read in one sitting and develops one major conflict

tone
the attitude a write takes toward a subject

metaphor
a form of figurative language that makes a direct comparison between two things that have something in common

atmosphere/mood
the feeling that a writer creates for the reader usually through setting

dialogue
a written conversation between two or more characters

third person limited
when a narrator is outside the action and related the events through his or her eyes only

static
characters that remain the same throughout a story

figurative
language that communicates ideas beyond the literal meanins of the words

third person omniscient
when a narrator is outside the action, is all-knowing and can see into the minds of more than one character

point of view
the narrative method used in a short story

characterization
techniques writers use to develop individuals who participate in the action of a literary work.

hyperbole
a figure of speech in which the truth is exaggerated for emphasis or for humor

first person point of view
when a character within a selection describes the action as a particpant, in his or her own words

frame story
exists when a story is told within a narrative- a “story within a story.”

dynamic
characters that undergo change as the plot unfolds

personification
a figure of speech in which human qualities are attributed to something that is not human

Name the 7 Elements of Fiction
plot, setting, theme, point of view, symbolism, tone, characterization

conflict
the struggle between opposingn forces and is the basis of plot in a story

dialect
the particular variety of a language spoken in a definite place by a distinct group of people

flashback
an account of a conversation, an episode, or an event that happened before the beginning of a story

simile
a clearly stated comparison between two things that are actually using words “like” or “as”

antagonist
the character or force against which the main character is pitted.

theme
the central idea or message in a work of literature

novel
an extended (longer) work of fiction

climax
the moment in the plot when the interest and emotional intensity reach their highest point

setting
is the time and place of the action of a short story

irony
a contrast between what is expected and what actually exists or happens

fiction
a narrative that springs from the imagination of the writer

style
the way in which an author writes a piece of literature. It focuses on the artistic decisions an author makes and often has a pattern in many of her or his writings

plot
the chain of related events that take place in a story