History Greek Mythology & Literature

Mythology
a body of stories about gods & heroes that try to explain how the world works

Zeus
king of gods

Hera
queen of the gods

Poseidon
god of sea

Hades
god of the underworld

Demeter
goddess of agriculture

Hestia
goddess of the hearth

Athena
goddess of wisdom

Apollo
god of the sun

Artemis
goddess of love

Ares
god of war

Aphrodites
goddess of love

Hephaestus
god of metalworking

Dionysus
god of celebration

Hermes
the messenger god

Delphi
city in central Greece

oracle
a female priest of Apollo
Greeks thought the gods gave her answers
super respected that the Greek ruler will ask her how to rule the city

Theseus
Athens hero
traveled to Crete and killed the Minotaur
– a terrible monster that was half human & half bull

Jason
N Greece hero
Sailed across the seas in search of a great treasure & fighting enemies

Hercules
most famous
fought many monsters
performed nearly impossible tasks

Iliad and Odyssey
two epic poems
describe the deeds of great heroes
mostly about the Trojan War
central to Greece education system

Trojan War
Mycenaean Greeks vs Trojans

Homer
the greatest poet of the ancient world
wrote Iliad and the Odyssey

Iliad
the story of the last year of the Trojan War
focuses on the deeds of heroes
great details of the battle

Achilles
greatest of all Greek warriors

Odyssey
talked about a warrior named Odysseus

Odysseus
faced challenges on his way from war
took 10 years to return after the war ends

Lyric poets
poets who played lyre while reading a poem

Sappho
most famous lyric poet
woman

fables
short stories that teach readers morals about
– life
– give advice on how to live

Aesop
famous for his fables
main character => animals