Glencoe Literature: Reader’s Choice Unit three, poetry

structure of a poem
organization of images, ideas, words, and lines

Stanzas
way most poems are divided- the “paragraphs” of poetry

Lines
a prescribed number of rows of words that may or may not form sentences with in a stanza

Imagery
descriptive language used to represent objects, feelings, and thoughts that appeal to one or more of the five senses. reminds readers of something they have experienced before.

Figurative language
words used different from their ordinary meaning. used to bring power, vitality, and freshness to their writing.

figure of speech
word or expression not meant to be taken literally. include: simile metaphor and hyperbole

simile
uses the word like or as to compare two seemingly unlike things

metaphor
compares two or more different things by stating or implying that one thing is another

Rhythm
pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry; can be regular or irregular

meter
the regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables that can establish the rhythm of a poem

foot
basic unit of measuring meter. usually contains one stressed syllable marked with ‘ and one or more unstressed syllables marked with a swoosh

ryhme
the repetition of the same stressed vowel sounds and any succeeding sounds in two or more words

internal rhyme
when two words in the same line ryme

end ryhme
occurs at the end of lines

scansion
to scan a line of poetry and note the stressed and unstressed syllables and divide the line into its feet or rhythmic units

slant rhyme
when the sounds of words are similar but not identical

rhyme scheme
pattern of end rhyme in a poem marked by a different letter of the alphabet for each new rhyme

Couplet
two lines per stanza

quatrain
four lines per stanza

cinquain
five lines per stanza

sestet
six lines per stanza

octave
eight lines per stanza