Freedoms such as privacy, speech and choice have been much improved in the 21 SST century compared to the decade George Orwell was writing 1984. Although governments still have some restrictions on these freedoms, citizens enjoy a much different society than in the previous century. Privacy is defined as “the state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one’s private life or affairs, the right to privacy’ (Webster dictionary). Over the last century, privacy has changed tremendously; there are more laws that protect people’s privacy from being invaded.
In the novel 1984 there is no privacy at all as telecasters are used to constantly monitor party members. People who are caught doing things that they should not be doing by the telecasters are captured by the Thought Police and are possibly vaporized or tortured. “There was of course no way of knowing whether you were being watched at any given moment. How often, or on what system, the Thought Police plugged in on any individual wire was guesswork. It was even conceivable that they watched everybody all the time. But at any rate they could plug in your wire whenever hey wanted to.
You had to live-?did live, from habit that became instinct-?in the assumption that every sound you made was overheard, and, except in darkness, every movement scrutinized” (Orwell,5). It is very obvious how much people in the 21 SST century value and demand privacy. However, just because there are privacy laws in societies does not mean the governments cannot spy on its citizens. Linda Patterson said “The government is too into our face and their too into our business”. She refers to the fact that the government has to know what everyone is owing all the time and they have to tax its citizens for everything. We are taxed to severely and too much. I cannot even put an addition on my house without the government knowing about it through a permit which costs money. It just seems everything we do the government has to know about. I can’t even buy land and sell it without the government knowing. ” Linda believes the government is too involved and they seem to know every move its citizens make. “Free speech in short, is not an independent value but a political prize” (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).
In societies today having the right to freedom of expression is highly valued as it allows citizens to speak out against their governments and creates a flow of information. Without the freedom of speech, citizens would not have the ability to voice their concerns and frustrations that they experience within society. However, the freedom of speech is constricted to political correctness in many democratic nations. Mrs.. Patterson said “l think everyone should have a right to speak their mind to believe in what they believe in. She believes that people are still constricted to what they can say as it may conflict with political correctness. The freedom of speech has its limitations in almost every society, and while Mrs.. Patterson believes she has freedom to speak out she still feels constrained on what she can and cannot say in her own country. In the novel 1984 Goldstein states that the party’s goal is to get rid of individual thought and be able to control people’s minds. George Rowel’s Oceania does not believe in the freedom of speech and anyone caught speaking out against the government is reprimanded and vaporized.
In a diary entry, Winston writes, “To the future or to the past, to a time when thought is free, when men are different from one another and do not live alone- to a time when truth exists and what is done cannot be undone… ” (Orwell, 30) in reference to the fact that the Party controls so much there is no longer any freedom whatsoever. The Party also creates its own language called Newsweek. In the novel, Same states that they are in the works of creating a new Newsweek dictionary, and that this time they plan to remove all words that could be used to oppose the arty.
In the article in reference to modern society, Jefferson argues that the freedom of speech can be justifiably compromised through the press by the government during times of war in order “to prevent the enemy from finding out our plans or the location of our troops” Professor). This is amongst the only time the government should be allowed to silence speech outlets such as the press. But he refers to this as a slippery slope which he describes as a difficulty because, “in time, a clear danger, such as placing many lives in immediate jeopardy, gets replaced by a lesser danger, such as “sending the wrong message. Professor) He means to say that the freedom to speech must always be monitored by citizens as governments can take more control if they are left undisputed. The last freedom to be discussed is the freedom of choice, which people exercise every day. As an individual is granted to make any choice they like given if it were wrong or right. In many societies, freedom of choice comprises of determining the choice of lifestyle, gender, career, schooling, parenthood, and etc. Freedom of choice means that people are able to pursue their own happiness through their own means.
Nothing is set out for them by any type of institution. In the article, the author refers to an idea said by John Stuart Mill who very much agreed with freedom of choice so long as it did not interfere with the happiness of anyone else. “The only freedom which deserves the name is that of pursuing our own good in our own way, so long as we do not attempt to deprive others of theirs, or impede their efforts to obtain However, freedom of choice also comes with responsibility, they go hand in hand.
Referring back to Mill from the article, choices people make to pursue their own end should not interfere with that of others negatively. In other words, freedom of choice can only go so far when it begins to affect the lives of others in a negative way which is where laws of the state become prevalent. Still the freedom of choice is one of the most important freedoms a person can have. Seen in the novel 1984, there can be devastating effects on people’s lives when they cannot chose their own end. Party members in the novel were forced into a specific job and every aspect of their life was monitored and controlled.
They also did not have a choice in the leader that they had to follow and they were forced to love Big Brother to the death. “He gazed up at the enormous face. Forty years it had taken him to learn what kind of smile was hidden beneath the dark moustache. O cruel, needless misunderstanding! O stubborn, self-willed exile from the loving breast! Two gin-scented tears trickled down the sides Of his nose. But it was all right, everything was all right, the struggle was finished. He had won the victory over himself. He loved Big 0).
Winston was tortured so badly he forced his self to love big brother he had no choice. In Canada, people have the freedom of choice on who to vote for as their leader through the voting system, something that did not exist in Oceania. After examining the freedoms that modern’s society enjoys it has been shown that George Owls, Jefferson M Fish The conservative-liberal alliance against freedom and an interview with Linda Patterson deliberately removes freedoms from their citizens. Freedom is very important aspect to society, without it people are just caged animals.