Folk Literature

folk literature
body of cultural knowledge and beliefs passed from generation to generation

myths
traditional stories rooted in particular cultures, embody religious beliefs and values and explain natural phenomena

legends
historical stories that have happened in the past and are based on real events and characters

folk tales
brief stories passed on by word of mouth from generation to generation

tall tales
folk tales that are light hearted or humorous and contain highly exaggerated unrealistic elements

fairy tales
stories that are supernatural medieval setting

epics
long story in verse, heroes or gods and often passed on orally

parables
brief stories told to teach a moral lesson

fables
brief stories often with animal characters, to express a moral

folk songs
traditional or composed songs made up of stanzas a refrain and simple melody

spirituals
religious songs from the african american folk traditions