English Literature Exam Study Guide

The word for a division or type of Literature
genre

The ordinary form of written language is called
prose

A story written to be performed is called a
drama

A brief work of fiction is a
short story

In the exposition of the plot, __________ are introduced and the ________ is established
characters
setting

The high point of suspense in a story is the
climax

Conflict that takes place within the mind of a character.
internal

Conflict takes place when a character struggles against an outside force.
external

Time and place are part of what literary element?
setting

The people or animals in the story are the
characters

The central message or concern in a literary work is the
theme

A character that does not change during the course of a story is a _________ character
static

The main character in the story, usually the “good guy”.
protagonist

The character in opposition to the “good guy”.
antagonist

Dialect, clothes, transportation, technology, and customs are all clues to the ______ of the story.
setting

A character that is one-sided and stereotypical is called a ______ character.
flat

A character that changes or grows throughout the course of the story is called a _______ character.
dynamic

A fully developed character where the reader has an in-depth understanding of the character’s personality is a _______ character.
round

A feeling of anxious uncertainty about the outcome of a story is called ______.
suspense

Overconfidence leading to the downfall of literary characters is called _________.
hubris

A contradiction between what a character thinks and what the audience knows to be true is called _________.
dramatic irony

The literal or Greek term for “no place”.
utopia

The common definition of this word is “perfect world”.
utopia

A place that starts out looking perfect, but turns out to be deeply flawed.
dystopia

________ are two characters who are opposite to each other, and in their “oppositeness” the other character’s qualities are more clearly defined.
foils

In this point of view, the narrator is someone in the story and uses the pronoun “I”.
first person

In this point of view, the narrator expresses only what is observed and does not get inside the thoughts of any character.
third person limited

In this point of view, the narrator knows and expresses the feelings of all the characters.
third person omniscient

In this point of view, the narrator knows and expresses only one character’s feelings and uses the pronouns, “he” and “she”.
third person limited omniscient

What is the theme of “The Summer of the Beautiful White Horse”? Who wrote it?
1.Honsty and Honor
2.William Saroyan

What is the theme of “The Possibility of Evil”? Who wrote it?
1. the possibility of evil is everywhere; power can drive evil.
2.Shirley Jackson

What verb tense should you use when writing about literature?
present

What narrative point of view should you use when writing about literature? Which pronouns are okay? Which are not?
1.3rd person
2.he/she/they/it
3.you