English Literature 12 Literary terms Accent – Dialogue

Accent
The stressing of certain syllables or words

Action
The actual movements and speech of characters performing or “acting out” situations on the stage

Allegory
A narrative in which the character, places, and events represent certain abstract qualities or idea designed to teach some moral lesson or truth

Alliteration
The repetition of the same consonant sounds.

Allusion
A reference to mythology, history, or a literary work.

Analogy
A comparison of two different things that may share common characteristics. An analogy is often used to explain or describe something unfamiliar by comparing it to something familiar.

Antagonist
The opponent or force in conflict with the protagonist

Apostrophe
Words Addressed to an inanimate object as if it were alive or to an absent person as if he were present

Aside
A dramatic effect in which a character directly addresses either the audience or another character. He does this to convey his inner feelings or to comment on some action preformed. The other characters are assumed to have not heard the remark.

Augustan Age
Another name for the Neoclassical age and the age of Pope; the first half of the 18th century, Marked by a return to classical standards.

Ballad
Often anonymous works, produced from the Anglo-Saxon times until the 17th century, through which the common people could be understood.

Art Ballad
An imitation by a modern poet of the early English and Scottish popular ballads.

Popular Ballad
Is shored, narrative folksong which tells of a single event in an objective manner.

Ballad Stanza
A four-lined stanza with four accented Iambic syllables in a line one and three, and three accented syllables in lines two and four. The rhyme scheme is ABCD

Biography
Introduces the facts of another person’s life in orders them in such a way that the reader can develop real insight into the person’s character.

Blank Verse
Unrhymed iambic pentameter, it is used for the treatment of serious themes by many great poets including Marlowe, Shakespeare, Milton, and Wordsworth .

Byronic Hero
A unique type of romantic character developed by Byron in closely associated with him. This hero is rebellious, brooding, and proud.

Caesuras
A pause or break in a line of poetry.

Carol
A popular art form which originated in medieval France and spread to other countries and 12th and 13th century. Originally, Carols were sung as any joyous song or hymn. However, the term has no come to be associated with Christmas carols in particular. A good example of an early English Christmas Carol is “The Cherry-Tree Carol.”

Cavalier Poets
Lyricist of a lighthearted nature who emphasize the pleasures of this world and who wrote love songs to or about women. They supported in were loyal to the king.

Characterization
The portrayal of the imaginary persons who carry out the action of the plot in a novel or a story.

Direct Exposition
Telling the reader directly what the character is like.

Indirect Exposition
Allows the reader to draw his own conclusions from what the character thinks, or what other characters think about him.

Characters
The people who perform the action of a narrative, novel, or play. Each character often exemplifies a particular quality found in life.

Dynamic Character
Undergoes some changes and is different at the end of the story.

Static Character
Remains essentially the same throughout the story.

Comedy
A play that ends happily; the events are trivial, every day details of life; the characters are ordinary men rather than kings or nobles; the themes deal with a man’s imperfections, vices, and weaknesses.

Comic Relief
A humorous event or speech used to provide temporary relief from the intense drama of the play. The English playwrights use it as a comparison to “elevate” or increase the seriousness of the play.

Conceit
An elaborate comparison of two things which superficially have little in common.

Metaphysical Conceit
Points out an unusual parallel between highly dissimilar elements.

Conflict
Struggles between opposing forces.

Couplet
Two rhyming lines with express a complete thought.

Heroic Couplet
Two Rhymed lines written in Iambic Pentameter

Deism
A belief in an impersonal God, who, after creating the world, left it to run by natural laws and who left man to take care of himself by using his intellect.

Dénouement
The outcome or resolution in which all the loose ends are tied up at the end of the play, usually a comedy.

Dialogue
The speeches between two or more characters in a play or all the speeches of a play taken collectively.