English Composition 2

A Dramatic Monologue
a poem in which a character addresses another character or the reader.
Offsets of Epic form

Foil
A character who contrasts with the central character, often with the purpose of emphasizing some trait in the central character.

protagonist
the main figure in a work of literature

soliloquy
a monologue delivered by a character in a play who is alone onstage.

allegory
a story in which major elements such as character settings represent universal truths or moral lessons in a one to one correspondence

alliteration
the repetition of the initial consonant sounds of a sequence of words

allusions
a reference to another work of art or literature or to a person place or event outside the work

an epic
a long narrative poem

epiphany
a sudden realization or new understanding achieved by a character or speaker.

Antagonist
a character in conflict with the protagonist

Antihero
a main character who acts outside the usual lines of heroic

Archetype
an image or symbol with a universal meaning that evokes a common emotional reaction in readers

Asides
a remark made by an actor to the audience

Assonance
a repetition of vowel sounds or patterns in neighboring words.

Catharsis
the purging of emotions that the audience experiences as a result of the powerful climax of a classical tragedy

Closet drama
a piece of literature written as though for the stage, but intended only to be read

Confessional poetry
poetry that includes pieces of a poets autobiography or personal experience. made relevant by Sylvia pratt, anne sexton

Conflict
the central problem in a story. the source of tension between protagonist and antagonist.

Connotation
the assocations a word carries beyond it literal meaning

denotations
the literal meaning of a word opposite of connotation

denouement
the period after the stories climax when conflicts are addressed and/or resolved.

deux ex machine
Latin for God from the machine. a literary device often seen in drama that resolves a conflict by unforeseen and often far fetched means

dramatic irony
a situation in which an author or narrator lets the reader know more about a situation than a character does.

dynamic character
a character whose personality and behavior alter over the course of the action in response to challenges and changing circumstance.

epistolary novel
a novel written in the form of letters between two or more characters or in the form of diary entries

exposition
the narrative presentation of necessary information about the character, setting or characters history provided to make the reader care what happens to the characters in the story.

flashbacks
the device of moving back in time to a point before the primary action of the story

flat character
a character with a narrow range of speech or action. flat characters are predictable and do not develop over the course of the plot.

foreshadowing
a hint about plot elements to come, both to advance the plot and build suspense.

genre
a literary category or form such as the short story or novel, or a specific type of fiction, such as science fiction or mystery.

iambic pentameter
a poetic meter in which each line contains five feet, predominantly iambs. Iambic pentameter is the most commonly used meter in English poetry. comprising of sonnets

In media res
Latin for “in the middle of things”

Irony
A tone characterized by a distance between what occurs and what is expected to occur or between what is said and what is meant.

Jargon
words used with specific meaning for a particular group of people

Limited omniscient narrator
a third person narrator who enters into the mind of only one character at a time.

Literary criticism
the acts of analyzing, interpreting, and commenting on literature.

Morality plays
a form of drama in which the figures on stage taught right and proper behavior-morality- to those who watched.

Mystery plays
a play that enacted stories of the bible.

Novella
a short novel, more complex than a short story but shorter than novel

Oedipus Complex
male children jealous of father becuase of sexual attraction to mother

Omniscient narrator
a third person narrator who observes the thoyughts and describes the actions

Onomatopoeia
the use of words that imitate the sounds that they refer to.

Persona
a poem’s speaker which may or may not ise the voiuce of the poet.

Personification
a figure of speech in which a writer ascribes human traits or behavior to something inhuman.

Portmanteau word
a word invented by combing two other words to achieve the effect of both

Proscenium stage
a realistic setting with three flat walls that simulate a room

Round character
a character with complex, multifaced characteristics.

Scansion
the process of determining the metrical pattern of a line of poetry by marking its stresses and feet.

Shakespearean Sonnet
a sonnet form composed of three quatrains and a final couplet

Situational irony
a situation portrayed in a poem when what occurs is the oppsite or very different from what’s expected to occur.

Static character
a character, often flat, who does not change over the course of the story

Stock characters
a character who represents a concept or type of behavior.

Symbol
an object, image, character, or action that suggests meaning beyond the everyday literal level.

The climax
the narratives turning point in a struggle between oppsoing forces. the point of the highest conflict in a story.

The Fourth Wall
the invisible wall of the stage through which the audience views the action.

Theatre in the round
an arena stage is surrounded on a side by the audience with all the action taking place on a stage in the center

Theme
a central or underlying meaning of a literary work.

Thesis
a papers purpose and aurgument, defind by a thiesis statement and proved by the paper’s conclusion.

Verbal irony
a statement in which the stated meaning is very different from the implied meaning