Characteristics of Literary Time Period

Old English
time period full of political unrest and different invasions

Naturalism
pessimism – Life is dull

Realism
attempts to depict life as realistically as possible

Romanticism
reaction to neoclassicism, emphasis on imagination nature and emotions.

Naturalism
indifference of nature

Naturalism
scientific study of human relationships – emphasizes evolution

Naturalism
No individualism

Naturalism
Dominance of heredity and environment

Naturalism
Characters are usually lower class and lower-middle class

Naturalism
artists try to accurately depict precise details

Naturalism
artists portray things the way they are

Naturalism
one famous artist is Albert Charpin

Modernism
focus on form rather than meaning

Modernism
break down of social and political norms

Modernism
focus on feelings of despair, loss, alienation

Modernism
rejection of tradition

Modernism
everything is subjective, no absolute reality

Modernism
focus on subconscious mind

Renaissance
focus on the economic changes that occurred in Europe

Magic Realism
developed in 1920s by Franz Roh

Magic Realism
a reaction against Expressionism

Magic Realism
first phase in Europe and the second phase in America

Magic Realism
preceded Surrealism

Greek and Roman
First Literary Period Studied

Greek and Roman
Basis for writings that followed this time period

Greek and Roman
Around 800 B.C. to approx. 500 A.D.

Greek and Roman
Time period full of literary works based on heroes, gods, goddesses, and myths

Realism
Was a rebellion against the previous literary time period, Romanticism

Realism
often is about complex ethical choices.

Realism
often about middle class.

Realism
the diction is simple.

Transcendentalism
reaction against New England Calvinism and eighteenth century rationalism

Transcendentalism
nature is symbolic

Transcendentalism
essentially another form of idealism

Transcendentalism
everything is connected

Postmodernism
rejects western values and beliefs

Postmodernism
suspicious of being “profound”

postmodernism
focus on fragmented, “jagged” world

postmodernism
creates ‘open” work for readers must apply own meanings

Neoclassicism
Represented a reaction against the Renaissance view of man as fundamentally good; saw man as a depraved being whose potential was limited

Neoclassicism
Emphasis on order, reason, common sense, and philosophical conservatism

Neoclassicism
Maintained that man was the most appropriate subject of art

Neoclassicism
Used the past as a guide for the present on the assumption that human nature was constant

Neoclassicism
Emphasized common human characteristics over individual differences

Neoclassicism
An individual was valuable for what he or she revealed about universal human nature

Neoclassicism
Artists did not strive to be original so much as to express old truths in new ways

Victorian
Society was against business

Victorian
Strict society, mainly male-dominated

Victorian
Everything surrounded the Industrial Revolution

Victorian
Simple clothing, gothic/Italianate/neoclassical architecture

Realism
Very detailed