Central Conflict

PLOT
The sequence of events in a story; “what happens”

EXPOSITION
Introduces the situation, characters, setting (time and place)

CENTRAL CONFLICT
The main struggle of opposing forces around which the plot revolves

RISING ACTION
Events that built up the plot and lead to the climax

CLIMAX
Also known as the “turning point”

FALLING ACTION
Event that unwind the plot and lead to resolving the conflict

RESOLUTION
The event in a story that resolves the conflict

CHARACTERIZATION
What the author does to help the reader “get to know” the characters

DIRECT CHARACTERIZATION
The narrator or a character in the story tells us what we need to know about a character

INDIRECT CHARACTERIZATION
We find out about a character indirectly through the character’s actions and thoughts or through how other characters respond to him/her

PROTAGONIST
The main character (usually the hero of the story)

ANTAGONIST
The rival (the bad guy)

THEME
The main idea or insight into life the writer wants the reader to get from the story; the point the writer is trying to make

IMAGERY
Words and phrases that appeal to the five senses (taste, touch, sight, smell, sound)

FIGURES OF SPEECH
(Expressions that have more than a literal meaning) often used in short stories.

METAPHOR
Comparison not using “like or “as” (He was a snake)

SIMILE
Comparison using “like” or “as” (He acted like a snake)

PERSONIFICATION
Giving human characteristics to non-human characteristics to non human characters or objects. (Tears fell from the sky)

HYPERBOLE
An exaggeration used for effect (I could eat a horse)