Caribbean IA

I would like to educate myself as well as the youths of my generation on the effects of being delinquent and also how this matter can be dealt with. Statement Of problem The research question that is the stem of this Internal Assessment is “What are the main causes of student delinquency at Cowmen Hamilton Secondary School? ” Related questions Along with the main question there are two questions that are related to this Internal Assessment which are: 1. What are the effects of students’ delinquency at Cowmen Hamilton Secondary School? 2.

What are the strategies or solutions that could be implemented to alleviate student delinquency at Cowmen Hamilton Secondary School? Purpose of research am presently a form six student of Cowmen Hamilton Secondary School and due to this it is my deepest concern as to how students’ delinquency arose and possible measures that can be implemented into alleviating this horrible issue. Being a form six students, it is the mere reason why it is my concern into students’ delinquency and how this has been a rapidly increasing issue at Cowmen Hamilton Secondary School.

This can be a huge issue if students do not know how to obey rules and conduct themselves because when they grow older it will be then difficult to there to policies that govern the country and even their specific career. As they always say children today is the future tomorrow and I do not want there to be a delinquent tomorrow. Educational value The intended audience of this portfolio are students and teachers, not only at Cowmen Hamilton Secondary School but throughout the Caribbean. This is so because wish to inform them of the major causes and effects of students’ delinquency. Sis to show them that delinquency can impact on their educational life as well as their future. It is also my intent to inform parents as well of the main causes and effects f students’ delinquency because parents as well have an important role to play in their children’s future. After doing my portfolio copies will then be provided to the parents, teachers and students so that they can see the main causes and effects of students’ delinquency. They can also try their very best to implement the remedies that may eliminate this problem.

Technical terms Increasing- to make or become greater in size, degree, frequency. Strategies- plan of action or policy designed to achieve a major or overall aim. Alleviate- to make an improvement by lessening the situation Delinquency- this refers o as minor criminal activities committed usually by youths. Issue- usually refers to a topic or problem for debate or discussions Measures- LITERATURE REVIEW Delinquency refers to a child or young person guilty of some offence, act of vandalism, or antisocial behavior or whose conduct is beyond parental control and who may be brought before a juvenile court.

It confounds a broad range of behavioral ethics within students, in the way that students have problem upholding school rules and rules outside of the school. Such behavioral ethics plays a crucial part in the school’s system. Delinquency continues to be a prominent topic today and we continue to search for answers to its causative factors. In the following paragraphs there are possible causes and effects of student delinquency and ways of alleviating delinquency. According to Trinidad and Taboo’s Minister of Education, Mr..

Tim Expressing, following a meeting with the Commissioner of Police Deanne Gibbs on June 14th 2011 , stated that “we have had approximately 1 1 ,OHO cases of students having to be suspended from schools over a six-year period and the incidence is rising, unfortunately. For the years 2009-2010, we eave had over 3,300 suspensions. According to Mrs. Marilyn Proper-Buckles project Manager, School Health Programmer Ministry of Health (2007) from the study of violence and unintentional injury found that violence, unintentional injury, bullying, and belonging to a violent group are more male dominated; 26. % of male students compared TTT. 3% of female students reported being bullied most often by being hit, kicked, pushed, shoved around, or locked indoors. In addition, 22. 2% of male students compared to 10. 9% of female students indicated they belonged to violent group. Also, 55. % of male students in comparison to 27. 9% of female students indicated they have been in a physical fight and 53. 6% of males reported they have been seriously injured. According to Keller, Catalane, Hagglers, and Fleming (2002, p. 411 their research show that parental disruption is one of the key predictors for delinquent behavior.

These disruptions can be varied in nature from divorce, to parental depression (other serious illnesses), inconsistent parenting, constantly moving from one place to another, and at least one parent committing a crime (Ibid). Their conclusion states that lack f stability and consistency in the lives of children leaves them at great risk for delinquent behavior. Another interesting conclusion from their study was that children can handle adversity as long as they have at least one stable and consistent parent (Keller, et al. , 2002, p. 414).

This provides at least some evidence that a loving supportive, stable and consistent parent can serve as a mitigating factor in terms of their child developing delinquent behavior. Wing’s research focuses on the notion of social bonds as a means of encouraging delinquent behavior. She highlighted that students that associate themselves with groups or individuals that portray positive attributes they tend to be far away from being delinquent. Wong stated that “In contrast, there are activities that lack long-term objectives, lack a sense of commitment and responsibility, and involve casual or volatile relationships.

For example, activities such as smoking and drinking do not serve long-term objectives” (2005, p. 322). She stated that the more time students spend doing things that are Nan-constructive, the greater likelihood that one will begin to engage themselves in delinquent behaviors. Vitro, Brendan, and Trembler support the theory that spending time with deviant friends exerts a great deal of pressure on a young person to adopt the same behaviors. According to Hose, Andrews, and Leeched (1 994 p. 47) who worked with 338 sample youths, noted that familial relationships combined with an association with delinquent peers offers the highest predictor for delinquency among students. They also implemented that parents have an important role to play in their children upbringing into this world. They also mention that most of them give poor directions to children, fail to structure their behavior ND do not reward or punish them appropriately. (Hose, Andrews, and Leeched, 1994, p. 547). According to Cynthia H.

Roberts (201 1) juvenile delinquency robs society of some of its brightest and best young people, who choose to pursue a lifestyle of criminal behavior. Some will become institutionalized and engage in further violent behavior, costing victims their lives and causing further financial burdens onto society. In turn, the general population may view certain areas off city, usually urban, as undesirable and insecure. Relevant research shows that “the upheaval and trauma of having a family ember who is a juvenile delinquent can create instability for the other relatives.

Not only does the family have to cope with the needs of the child who is in trouble, but they may also have to raise large amounts of money to pay for lawyers. Research shows that sometimes counseling can assist offenders who have substance abuse or mental health issues. Counseling them about the major consequences of committing such act can help in bettering their lives, even though some students are very stubborn and hard to deal with it will take some time into trying them to resist such practice. Mrs. M.

C Yarrow states in her article Curbing Indiscipline Among Youths (14th May, 2005), that parents should always monitor their children whereabouts and that they should be a guide to their children. She stressed that if parents spend more time with their children there will be a lesser population of delinquent student. Parents need to have a close relationship with their children in the way that the children could speak to them as parents and as friends. DATA COLLECTION SOURCES In order to acquire information for this project a primary and secondary sources were used PRIMARY SOURCES

Primary data is information collected by the researcher directly through instruments such as surveys, interviews, focus groups or observation. Questionnaires were one primary instrument used to provide me with both qualitative and quantitative data. Advantages of questionnaires: 1. They are not very costly 2. Data received can easily be calculated and analyses 3. It would be able to contain a large amount data from a considerable number of people over a short period of time. Drawbacks of questionnaires: 1 . Respondents can be bias causing information to be less reliable and valid 2.

Questions may be misinterpreted by the respondent resulting in answers being useless. On the 7th January 201 3, I selected forty (40) students from the school’s population to assist in answering my questionnaires. The students from which I’ve chosen to answer my questionnaire were twenty girls and twenty boys from forms two to six. Each student was given a questionnaire consisting of twenty-one (21) questions both open-ended and close-ended. Also asked fifteen (15) teachers to assist me in completing my questionnaires.

This questionnaire however consisted of fourteen (14) questions both closed- need and open-ended questions. On the 9th January 2013 1 attended the Parents Teachers Association (PTA) meeting explained my reason for being there and twenty (20) parents volunteered to assist in answering the questionnaire. This questionnaire also consisted of thirteen (13) both closed-ended and open-ended questions. I kept reminding the students and teachers to answer my questionnaires and return it so that I will be able to continue with my portfolio.

The next week I collected all fifteen (15) questionnaires from the teacher. However I only got back thirty-eight (38) questionnaires from the students. On the 14th January 201 3 1 collected all twenty (20) questionnaires from the parents. All together from the seventy five (75) questionnaire that was distributed I collected only seventy-three (73) which is fairly good results. SECONDARY SOURCES obtained my secondary data through books, internet and magazines. Secondary data is basically primary data collected by someone else.

Researchers reuse and reposes information as secondary data because it is easier and less expensive to collect. However, it is seldom as useful and accurate as primary data. The secondary data that was collected assisted me n making sure that my primary data were valid and reliable. Advantages of Secondary Data 1. It is less time consuming 2. It helps to make primary data collection more specific since with the help of secondary data, we are able to make out what are the gaps and deficiencies and what additional information needs to be collected. 3.

It helps to improve the understanding of the problem. 4. It provides a basis for comparison for the data that is collected by the researcher. Disadvantages of Secondary Data 1 . Accuracy of secondary data is not known. 2. Data may be outdated. PRESENTATION OF FINDINGS Figure 1 Chart showing those that said Yes or No to whether there is a student delinquency problem at Cowmen Hamilton Secondary School. Figure 2 Chart shows the views of those who believe that boys are more delinquent that girls. Figure 3 Pie chart showing the types Of family Structure that student lives in.

Figure 4 Chart showing the views on which teachers think is the main cause of students’ delinquency. Figure 5 Chart showing what students think are the causes of delinquency at Cowmen Hamilton Secondary School. Figure 6 Pie Chart showing who teachers think undergo the most effects from student delinquency. Figure 7 Pie chart showing the possible punishment parents think is suitable for Figure 8 Punishment Percentage Band from extracurricular activities Quarrel No forms of media This table above shows the way parents deal with delinquency at their homes.

Interpretation of Findings For my research at Cowmen Hamilton Secondary School “An investigation Of the delinquency issue at Cowmen Hamilton Secondary School. ” The data that was highlighted in Figure 1 identifies whether or not there is an increase in the delinquency level at Cowmen Hamilton Secondary School. However 80% of the teachers showed that they believe that there is an increase in the leniency level, whilst 65% of parents from Parent Teachers Association meetings at Cowmen Hamilton Secondary School acknowledged that there is a drastic increase in the rate of delinquency.

However 40% of students believed that there is an increase in the rate of delinquency at Cowmen Hamilton Secondary School. Think that the main reason why most parents and teachers think that there is an increase in the delinquency level at Cowmen Hamilton Secondary School is because they are grown and know what is right from wrong. However I would deliberate that students are young and think hat it is acceptable to carry about themselves in such manner. It is most normal when you say that boys are engaged in most delinquent behavior rather than most girls.

Figure 2 shows the views of those who believe that boys are more delinquent that girls, which results show that 75% of the teachers investigated illustrates that boys are more delinquent than girls and however with most parents differing, 40% of parents states that boys are more delinquent than girls. Formerly boys engage themselves in more delinquent activities than girls publicly that why most people may think that soy are more delinquent because they often see their behavior. Figure 3 shows a comparison of the different types of family structures that the students live in at home. 5% of students live in Single Parent households, 10% of students’ parents are divorced, 30% of their parents are married and 15% of the students live with Guardian. A lesser percentage of students who live with both parents may be involved in delinquent activities since they have the support of both parents rather than those who live with single parents, divorced and guardian. With the lack of parental guidance may cause dents to find that friends are mostly there for them and may be encouraged in wrong doings, whereas most single parents are mothers.

Figure 4 shows that 20% of teachers investigated states that due poor parenting students may be disposed to delinquent activities, 20% of teachers also state that students that show no form of interest in school be likely to contributing to the delinquent activities at school, 40% of teachers states that students that are faced with peer pressure have a tendency to be the main contributor to the delinquency level at Cowmen Hamilton Secondary School ND 10% of the delinquent students are mostly influenced by mass media.

Delinquency is not a characteristic that students are born with, there are some major causes however of this behavioral problem. In Figure 5 students highlights what they think are some of the main causes of student delinquency. It shows that 25% of students think that lack of parental attention causes student delinquency, I believe the reason why they think so is because with parents’ attention children tend to do the right thing rather than if they are getting more attention from peers who have no sense of maturity. % of students think that they get influenced by mass media; this could simply be through the movies and the music that the youths listen nowadays. 20% say is because of a lack of interest in school, mainly because a high percentage of children are not interested in the school life they think that it is too stressful whereas 5% states that is because of peer pressure by their fellow schoolmates or even children in their communities that are influencing them to engage themselves in negative behavior. Figure 6 highlights who teachers think undergo the most effects due to student delinquency.

Such behavior adds cost to people as well as the society. 20% of the teachers think that family undergo the most effects of student delinquency due to the fact that if students do not get a proper education they are the ones that are affected financially to support their children. 20% of teachers think that the school endure the most effects because they are the ones that would have to deal with their disruptive behaviors, resulting to low passing rates for exams and however placing a lower standard to the school.

Also 20% of teachers think that the society is affected due to such behavioral activities at schools because in the long run students that do not study and take part in school tend to be less educated than others. And due to this the government will have to have more money invested In programmers to assist them. However 40% of the teachers think that students undergo the most effects because they are the ones that are suffering in the long run.

Without education now it is difficult to attain a job that is paying a sufficient amount to take care of yourself, so they tend to be less fortunate that those that took schooling seriously and came out with a good education. Figure 7 shows the possible punishment that parents think that students should receive for being delinquent; 20% of parents states that students should be suspended when students are found being delinquent, this is however a good measure in order to try to encourage students to do what is right. % states that teachers should try to resolve the problem being encountered at school; meaning that teachers should try and deal with the matter themselves however most of the time this is not a very good idea. 50% states that teachers should allow the students to be counseled and whereas 5% of parents states that teachers should call in the Police to resolve matter which is a more effective way to handle situations as such.