AP Literature & Composition: Everything Syntax (Active Voice – Subordinate Conjunction)

Active Voice
The opposite of passive voice, the _______ is essentially any sentence with an active verb. _______ is usually preferred in writing because it expresses more energy and command of the essay than does the passive voice.

Appositive
Also called a noun phrase, an appositive modifies the noun next to it.

Complex Sentence
A sentence structure that is a combination of a dependent clause and an independent clause.

Compound Sentence
A sentence structure made up of two independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction.

Compound-Complex Sentence
A combination of a compound and an complex sentence.

Declarative Sentence
This is a basic statement or an assertion and is the most common type of sentence.

Dependent Clause
This clause contains a noun and a verb but is set up with a subordinate conjunction, which makes the clause and incomplete thought.

Exclamatory Sentence
A sentence that conveys excitement or force.

Gerund
A verb ending in “ing” that serves as a noun.

Imperative Sentence
A command.

Independent Clause
A clause that can stand alone as a sentence.

Infinitive
The word “to” plus a verb, used as a noun, and adjective,or an adverb.

Interrogative Sentence
A question.

Loose Sentence
An independent clause followed by all sorts of debris, usually dependent clauses.

Object
A noun toward which a thought, feeling, or action is directed.

Parallel Syntax (Parallelism)
A pattern of language that creates a rhythm of repetition often combined with some other language of repetition. Parallel sets of sentences or parallel clauses can exist within a sentence.

Parantheticals
Phrases,sentences, and words inside parentheses.

Participle
A verbal that is used as an adjective.

Passive Voice
The opposite of active voice; in the _______ something happens to someone.

Periodic Sentence
A sentence with several dependent clauses that precede the independent clause. An easy way to remember this is to think of the independent clause appearing immediately after the period.

Phrase
A grouping of words that clarify or define. There is no verb in a ____”

Predicate
The formal term for a verb that conveys the meaning or carries the action of a sentence.

Predicate Adjective
An adjective that follows a linking verb and modifies the subject.

Predicate Nominative
A noun or pronoun that follows a linking verb and renames the subject.

Simple Sentence
An independent clause.

Subject
The formal term for the noun or pronoun that is the basic focus of the sentence.

Subordinate Conjunction
A conjunction that makes an independent clause into a dependent clause.