AP Lit Terms: Adage-Anticlimax

Abstract
An abbreviated synopsis of the longer work of scholarship or research

Adage
A saying/proverb containing a truth based on experience and often expressed in metaphorical language

Allegory
A story in which the narrative/characters carry an underling symbolic metaphorical or possibly an ethical meaning

Alliteration
The repetition of one or more initial consonant in a group of words or lines of poetry or prose writers uses for ornament or for emphasis

Allusion
A reference to a person place or event meant to create an effect or enhance the meaning of an idea

Ambiguity
A vagueness of meaning a conscious lack of clarity meant to evoke multiple meanings and interpretation

Anachronism
A person scene event or other element in literature the fails to correspond with the time/era in which the work is set

Analogy
A comparison that points out similarities between two dissimilar things

Annotation
A brief explanation summary or evaluation of a text or work of literature

Antagonist
A character or force in a work of literature that by opposing the protagonist produces tension or conflict

Antithesis
A rhetorical opposition or contrast of ideas by means of a grammatical arrangement of words clauses or sentences

Aphorism
A short pity statement of a generally excepted truth or sentiment

Apollonian
In contrast to Dionysian it refers to the most most noble godlike qualities of human nature and behavior

Apostrophe
A locution that addresses a person/personified thing not present

Assonance
The repetition of two or more vowel sounds in a group of words or lines in poetry and prose

Archtype
An abstract or ideal conception of a type a perfectly typical example an original model/form

Ballad
A simple narrative verse that tells a story that is sung or recited a long narrative poem usually in very regular meter and rhyme typically has a naïve folksy quality

Bard
A poet in olden times a performer who told her heroic stories to musical accompaniment

Bathos
Use of insincere or overdone sentimentality

Belle-lettres
The French term for the world of books criticism and literature in general

Bibliography
A list of works cited or otherwise relevant to the subject or other work

Bildungsroman
A German word referring to a novel structured as a series of events that take place as a hero travels in quest of a goal

Blank verse
Poetry written in iambic pentameter the primary meter used in English poetry in the works of Shakespeare and Milton it’s lines generally do not rhyme

Bombast
Inflated pretentious language used for trivial subjects

Burlesque
a work of literature meant to ridicule a subject, a grotesque imitation a broad parody and exaggerates it into ridiculousness

Cacophony
grating inharmonious sounds

Caesura
A pause somewhere in the middle of a verse often but not always marked by punctuation

Canon
The works considered most important in national literature or period Works widely read and studied

Caricature
A grotesque likeness of striking qualities in persons and things a portrait that exaggerates a facet of personality

Carpe diem
Seize the day

Catharsis
A cleansing of the spirit brought about by the pity and terror of a dramatic tragedy

Classic
A highly regarded work of literature or other art form that has withstood the test of time similar to Canton

Classicism
Deriving from the orderly qualities of ancient Greek and Roman culture, implies formality objectivity simplicity and restraint

Climax
High Point or turning point of a story/play

Novel
A tale in which a young protagonist experiences an introduction to adulthood the character may develop understanding via disillusionment education doses of reality or any other experiences that alter his/her emotional/intellectual maturity

Conceit
A witty or ingenious thought a diverting or highly fanciful idea often stated in figurative language a startling or unusual metaphor or a metaphor developed and expanded upon several lines

Anti-climax
This occurs when an action produces far smaller results then one that have been led to expect it is frequently comic in effect