AP Lit Terminology Allegory-Diction

Allegory
story/poem in which characters, settings, and evens stand for other people or events or for abstract ideas or qualities

Alliteration
repetition of same/similar consonant sounds in words that are close together

Allusion
reference to someone or something in history, literature, religion, politics, sports, science, or another branch of cult

Ambiguity
event/situation that may be interpreted many different ways; done on purpose by the author

Analogy
comparison between 2 things to show how they’re alike

Anaphora
repetition of a word, phrase, or clause at the beginning of 2 or more sentences in a row

Anastrophe
inversion of the usual, normal, or logical order of the parts of a sentence

Anecdote
brief story; told to illustrate a point or serve as an example of something

Antagonist
Opponent who fights the hero

Antimetabole
repertition of words ub successive clauses in reverse grammatical order

Antithesis
balancing words, phrases, or ideas that are strongly contrasted; often by means of grammatical structure

Antihero
central character that lacks all the traits of a hero

Anthropomorphism
attributing human characteristics to animals or inanimate objects

Aphorism
brief, cleverly worded statement that makes a wise observation about life, or of a principle or accepted general truth

Apostrophe
calling out to an imaginary, dead or otherwise absent person, place, thing, or a personified abstract idea

Apposition
placing in imediately succeeding order of two or more coordinate elements, the latter of which is an explanation, qualification, or modification of the first

Assonance
the repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds

Asyndeton
commas used without conjunction to separate a series of words

Balance
constructing sentences that are of same length and importance

Indirect Characterization
author reveals character’s traits through describing looks, dress, actions, and words of character

Direct Characterization
author directly tells you what the person is like

Static Characterization
doesnt change much in course of the story

Dynamic Characterization
changes in an important way as a result of the story’s action

Flat Characterization
only one or two personality traits; like a piece of cardboard

Round Characterization
complex; like real people

Chiasmus
a type of rhetorical balance in which the second part is syntactically balanced against the first, but with parts reversed

Cliche
word/phrase that is lifeless from overuse

Colloquialism
word/phrase used in everyday conversation and writing but is inappropriate for a formal setting

Comedy
story with a happy resolution between conflicts faced by main characters

Conceit
extended metaphor; elaborate and compares two things that are very different

Confessional Poetry
describes poetry that uses intimate material from a poet’s life

External Conflict
conflict between outside forces (two people /nations)

Internal Conflict
conflict that is internalized in an individual

Connotation
associations and emotional overtones attahced to a word/phrase in addition to its strict dictionary definition

Couplet
2 constructive rhyming lines of poetry

Dialect
way of speaking unique to a certain social/cultural group

Diction
a speaker’s/writer’s choice of words