AP Lang Lit Terms – Straw Man to Voice

Straw Man
When a writer argues against a claim that nobody actually holds or is universally considered weak. Setting up a straw man diverts attention from the real issues.

Style
An author’s characteristic manner of expression – his or her diction, syntax, imagery, structure, and content all contribute to style.

Subjectivity
A personal presentation of events and characters, influenced by the author’s feelings and opinions.

Syllogism
A form of reasoning in which two statements are made and a conclusion is drawn from them. A syllogism is the format of a formal argument that consists of a major premise, a minor premise, and a conclusion.

Symbolism
The use of symbols or anything that is meant to be taken both literally and as representative of a higher and more complex significance.

Synecdoche
a figure of speech in which a part of something is used to represent a whole, such as using “boards” to mean a stage or “wheels” to mean a car. (“All hands on deck.”

Syntactic Fluency
Ability to create a variety of sentence structures, appropriately complex and.or simple and varied in length.

Syntactic Permutation
Sentence structures that are extraordinarily complex and involved. They are often difficult for a reader to follow.

Syntax
The grammatical structure of a sentence; the arrangement of words in a sentence.

Theme
The central idea or “message” in a literary work.

Thesis
The main idea of a piece of writing; presents the author’s assertion or claim.

Tone
The characteristic emotion or attitude of an author toward the characters, subject, and audience.

Transition
A word or phrase that links one idea to the next and carries the reader from sentence to sentence, paragraph to paragraph.

Tricolon
Sentence consisting of three parts of equal importance and length, usually three independent clauses.

Understatement
The opposite of exaggeration.

Unity
Quality of a piece of writing.

Voice
Refers to two different areas of writing: one refers to the relationship between a sentence’s subject and verb; the second refers to the total “sound” of a writer’s style.