American Literature- The Puritans

Religion
Dominating force in their lives

Church of England
Puritans were opposed to it
Thought it frivolous and didn’t follow scripture

1611
Group moved to Holland
Difficult conditions

1620
Pilgrims arrive in America

Pilgrim
One who travels for a religious purpose

Mayflower Compact
1/2 dead by first winter

1630
Another group arrived
Settled in Boston (Massachusetts Bay Colony)

Absolute Sovereignty
All powerful God

Literal Interpretation
Word for word understanding of the Bible

Predestination
God knows from the beginning who will be saved

The Elect
“Chosen Ones”

Divine Intervention/Providence
God is directly involved

Natural depravity
“Born evil”

Introspection
Self examination

General Beliefs
Work ethic
Plain living and high thinking

Theocracy
Government laws support morality of the Church

Puritan Plain Style
Formal language
Long sentence
Impersonal
Biblical themes
Full of allusions
Didactic

Didactic
Teaches a moral lesson

Purpose of Puritan Lit
Tell truth
Record history
Self examination

Kinds of Lit
Diaries and journals
Sermons
Some poetry

William Bradford
Elected governor of Plymouth Plantation 30 times
Lost wife to drowning
Sold own farm to help Plymouth

Jamestown
First permanent colony (1607)

French and Indian War
France allied with Indians to drive British out of North America

Puritans
Group of english protestants who sought to “purify” the Church of England

Enlightenment
Burst of intellectual energy that questioned who should hold power

Historical Narratives
Accounts of real life historical experiences

First thing Puritans did after landing
Thanked God

Season of arrival
Winter

First winter
People stayed on ship
Half died

DI examples
Gave seeds for corn
Got to arms in time
Weren’t hit by Indians
Squanto

English speaking Indians
Samoset
Squanto

Anne Bradstreet
first notable American poet
Born and raised in England- smart
8 children

Husband
Simon

To My Dear and Loving Husband
Their love is beyond compare
When they die they will live forever

Burning of Our House
Asked God to help her
Her riches have been taken away
But hope and treasure lie above

Jonathan Edwards
Family history of being a sermon
Obsessed with spiders as a kid

Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God
Targets fear, guilt, pity
Uses persuasion, imagery, repetition, emotions
God is wrathful