"Alienation of the Individual" & "Modernism" Articles

World War I
first large scale modern war, utilizing modern weaponry like poison gas, submarines, tanks, airplanes, machine guns

10 million
number of soldiers and civilians killed in WWI

1917
year Americans entered WWI

1918
year WWI ended

automobile
gave Americans more mobility and freedom

Roaring Twenties
decade of economic prosperity, technological advancement, and new entertainment

jazz
new musical artform based on democratic ideals that promoted individuality through improvisation

radio
affordable technological gadget used to access news, and entertainment

speakeasies
places of ill repute where illegal alcohol could be purchased

modernism
literary movement that rejected social and cultural corruption that followed WWI

Make it new!
rallying cry of the modernists

mass society
term that refers to larger population who conforms to popular traditions, fads, and ideals (against which modernists rebelled)

alienation
characteristic of modernist literature: characters suffer withdrawal, unresponsiveness, and suffering at hands of unnamed forces

stream-of-consciousness
characteristic of modernist literature: dramatizes the interior life of characters, especially their meandering patterns of thinking

fragmentation
characteristic of modernist literature: without traditional beginnings, middles, and endings, thereby disorienting readers with story pieces they have to put back together

omission
characteristic of modernist literature: leaving out details about what a character or speaker is feeling or thinking

rejection of tradition
characteristic of modernist literature: an attack on established social institutions and morals (phrase)

alienation
characteristic of modernist literature: the loneliness, loss, and suffering of non-heroic characters

impermanence
characteristic of modernist literature: nothing lasts

symbols and images
characteristic of modernist literature: two devices through which modernists “suggest” or “reveal” meaning

iceberg
modernist technique by which writers leave “seven-eighths […] under water for every party [they] show”