the repetition of the first sound in words
Alice’s aunt ate apples and acorns around August.
Better butter makes a batter better.
a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize
“When she lost her job, she acted like a Scrooge, and refused to buy anything that wasn’t necessary.”
“He was a Good Samaritan yesterday when he helped the lady start her car.”
vowels are repeated in words that are close to each other
“Men sell the wedding bells.”
The same vowel sound of the short vowel “-e-” repeats itself in almost all the words
the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses
“I want my money right now, right here, all right?”
a comparison between two unlike things
Her voice is music to his ears.
The assignment was a breeze.
The skies of his future began to darken.
comparing two unlike things usually formed with ‘like’ or ‘as’
He’s as happy as a clam.
Her cheeks are red like a rose.
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
You always get to go first!
I never get the answer right.
when the writer or speaker uses their descriptions to access the senses of the reader of listener
the repetition of consonant sounds in the middle or at the end of words
when the writer uses line breaks meaningfully and abruptly to either emphasize a point or to create dual meanings
when the writer or speaker knowingly repeats a word or group of words for effect
when the end or final sound of two or more words are identical
when the arrangement of words creates an audible pattern or beat when read out loud
when the words sound like what they mean
an accepted phrase or expression having a meaning different from the literal
representing an abstract quality or idea as a person or creature
a pattern of stressed/unstressed syllables in poetry
rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry
a story, play, or picture in which characters or settings are used as symbols or abstract ideas
two words that have some sound in common but do not rhyme exactly
the attitude a writer takes towards a subject, character, or the reader
rhyme that occurs within a line, rather than at the end
a writer’s or speaker’s choice of words
an expression in which two words that contradict each other are joined
loud, harsh, or disagreeable sounds
poetic form written in unrhymed iambic pentameter
poetic form that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
a type of poem that is meant to be sung and is both lyric and narrative in nature
informal language; language that is “conversational”
an indirect, less offensive way of saying something that is considered unpleasant
A sad or mournful poem, especially one mourning the dead
a contrast between what is expected and what actually exists or happens
two characters that highlight each other by their differences
the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot
placing two elements side by side to present a comparison or contrast
a short poem of songlike quality
a speech made by one actor or speaker
a poem usually addressed to a particular person, object or event that has stimulated deep and noble feelings in the poet
an apparently contradictory statement that actually contains some truth
a play on words, often achieved through the use of words with similar sounds but different meanings
a question asked for an effect, not actually requiring an answer
harsh words intended to hurt someone
a literary work that ridicules or criticizes a human vice through humor or derision
something that stands for or represents something else
saying less than one means, for effect
intellectually amusing language that surprises and delights
stream of consciousness
a style of writing in which the author tries to reproduce the random flow of thoughts in the human mind
Fourteen-line poem that is usually written in iambic pentameter and has one of several rhyme schemes.
a moment of sudden realization or insight
an inscription on a tombstone or monument in memory of the person buried there
The emotional mood created by a literary work