5-Major works, authors, and contexts of US, British, and World literature appropriate for adolescents

Louisa May Alcott
American novelist whose major works (1860) include: “Little Women,” “Little Men,” “Flower Fables,” “Moods.” Used pen name A. M. Barnard

Maya Angelou
” I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings,” “Wouldn’t Take Nothing for My Journey Now” (1993) and “Even the Stars Look Lonesome (1997)”

Ray Bradbury
20th century autodidact writer famous for ” Fahrenheit 451,” “The Martian Chronicles,” (Sci Fi/Horror), ” The Illustrated Man,”

Sandra Cisneros
American writer best known for “The House on Mango Street,” “Have You Seen Marie?”

Stephen Crane
American realist author. Early examples of American Naturalism and Impressionism…best known works , “Red Badge of Courage,” “The Open Boat,” “Maggie: A Girl of the Streets,” “The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky.”

Daniel Defoe
English trader/writer. “Robinson Crusoe,”

Emily Dickinson
American poet, known for slant rhyme, poems focused manly on death and immortality. Many of her poems were heavily edited and were featured in “The Repubican.”

Frederick Douglass
African-American antislavery orator

Ralph Waldo Emerson
American essayist/poet known for “Nature,” “Self Reliance..” Lead the Transcendentalist movement in the mid 19th Century. Focused on individuality and freedom.

F. Scott Fitzgerald
“The Great Gatsby,” “The Curious Case of Benjamin Button,” “This Side of Paradise,” The Beautiful and Damned.” Famous American writer

Anne Frank
“Anne Frank: Diary of a Young Girl” retells the story of Frank and her family in hiding or 2 years during the Nazi invasion in the Netherlands.

Mary Shelley
“Frankenstein”/ English writer

Robert Frost
American Poet, “The Road Not Taken,” “Birches,” “Mending wall.”

S. E. Hinton
American writer most widely known for writing young adult books, “The Outsiders,” “That Was Then, This is Now.”

Zora Neale Hurston
American folklorist, anthropologist, and author best known for “Their Eyes Were Watching God.”

John Keats
English Romantic poet. He was one of the main figures of the second generation of Romantic poets along with Lord Byron and Percy Bysshe Shelley. “Ode to a Nightingale”

Hellen Keller
American deafblind author ,”The Story of My Life”

Harper Lee
American novelist widely known for writing “To Kill a Mockingbird.”

Madeleine L’Engle
American writer best known for young-adult fiction “A Wrinkle in Time” and its sequels: “A Wind in the Door,” “A Swiftly Tilting Planet,” “Many Waters,” and “An Acceptable Time.” Showcased her passion for modern science.

C.S. Lewis
Novelist, poet, academic, medievalist, literary critic, essayist, lay theologian, and Christian apologist. Best known for “The Chronicles of Narnia,” “The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe.” “The Great Divorce.”

Jack London
American Author and activist. Major works include: “The Call of the Wild,” “White Fang,” “The Iron Heel” (Dystopian novel)

Lois Lowry
Famous American children’s book writer. “Number the Stars,” “The Giver,” “Gossamer.”

Herman Melville
American novelist.Major works “Moby Dick,” “Bartelby, the Scrivener.”

George Orwell
(Eric Arthur Blair) English novelist. “Nineteen- Eighty Four,” “Animal Farm.”

Edgar Allan Poe
American Author, poet- part of the American Romantic Movement. “The Raven,” “The Cask of Amontillado,” “The Purloined Letter,” “The Tell-Tale Heart,” “The Pit and the Pendulum”

J.D. Salinger
American writer. “Catcher and the Rye”

William Shakespeare
English poet, actor, writer. “Romeo and Juliet,” “Macbeth,” “The Tempest,” “A Mid Summer Nights Dream,” “King Lear,” “Othello”

Percy Bysshe Shelley
One of the major English Romantic poets, finest lyric poets. “The Necessity of Atheism,” “A Defense of Poetry.”

Gary Soto
American author and poet, Chicano, “Baseball in April,” “Too many Tamales,” “A Fire in my Hands.”

Amy Tan
American writer who focuses on mother-daughter relationships, most famously “The Joy Luck Club”

J.R.R. Tolkien
English writer most known for writing “The Hobbit,” “The Lord of the Rings,” and “The Silmarillion.”

Mark Twain
American Author and humorist. “The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn,” “The Adventures of Tom Sawyer.”

Alice Walker
American author and humorist. “The Color Purple”

H.G. Wells
English writer in many genres, including the novel, history, politics, and social commentary, and even textbooks and rules for war games. “The Time Machine,” “The War of the Worlds,” “The Island of Doctor Moreau.”

Walt Whitman
American poet & essayist. “Leaves of Grass,” “Memoranda during the War.”

Harlem Renaissance
1920’s- Zora Neale Hurston, Langston Hughes, Countee Cullen

British Romantics
John Keats, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Lord Byron

Metaphysical Poets
John Donne, Andrew Marvell, George Herbert

Transcendentalism
Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau

Old English Period
“Beowoulf” most famous piece. Caedmon, Bede, Alfred the Great, and Cynewulf, a period where most works were anonymous.

Middle English Period
12th century to 1470. Religious, Courtly love, and Arthurian. Writers: Chaucer, religious works are those in the Katherine Group and the writings of Julian of Norwich and Richard Rolle… ” Sir Gawain and the Green Knight,”

British Renaissance
Late 15th, early 16th c. into the early 17th. Shakespeare/ Thomas Wyatt

British Neoclassical period
Writers tried to imitate the style of the Romans and Greeks. This was also the era of The Enlightenment, which emphasized logic and reason. It was preceded by The Renaissance and followed by the Romantic era. ended in 1798 when Wordsworth published the Romantic ‘Lyrical Ballads’. Parody, Essays, Satire, Letters,Fables,Melodrama, and, Rhyming with couplets

British Romantic Period
Rich in literary criticism and nonfictional prose, Jane Austen, Jean Jacques Rousseau, William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, George Gordon, Lord Byron, Percy Shelley, John Keats, Bronte Sisters, George Elliot

American Colonial Period
(1630-1760): Colonial and revolutionary writers: Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and Thomas Paine, William Bradford, Anne Bradstreet, Jonathan Edwards, Captain John Smith.

American Renaissance
The writing of the period before the Civil War, beginning with Emerson and Thoreau and the Transcendentalist movement including Whitman, Hawthorne, and Melville.

British Victorian period
(1840-1900) Examples: Dickens’ “Great Expectations,” Tennyson’s “Poems,” Hardy’s “Tess of the D’Urbervilles” and “Jude the Obscure,” and Browning’s “Sonnets from the “Portuguese.”

American Naturalistic period
literary movement or tendency from the 1880s to 1930s that used detailed realism to suggest that social conditions, heredity, and environment had inescapable force in shaping human character. the thematic treatment of atavism, evolution, degeneration, and the development of force/ the scientific method. Naturalism also focuses on Human V. Nature and Human V. Himself. “The Red Badge of Courage,” “The Open Boat,” “House of Mirth,” “The Call of the Wild.”

American/British modernist period
1901-1939; individualism, age of isolatio. Experimented with subject matter. Robert Frost, E.E. Cummings, Edith Wharton, Sinclair Lewis.

American postmodernist period
Sylvia Plath, ALice Walker, Joseph Keller, J.D. Salinger, Madeline L’Engle, Sandra Cisneros