21st Century Literature

21st century lit
Change in lit in the 21st century

Pre colonialism
Colonialism
Post colonialism
Three periods in the literary history

Three periods in the literary history
Pre colonialism
Colonialism
Post colonialism

Pre colonialism
The early literary forms of the Philippines were epics, legends, riddles, and proverbs which were told and retold natives

The early literary forms of the Philippines were epics, legends, riddles, and proverbs which were told and retold natives
Pre colonialism

Philippine Contemporary Literature
Theme is life in the province

Japanese Period
When did the Philippine Contemporary Literature happened

Life in the province
Philippine Contemporary Literature theme

Nationalism, country, love, faith religion etc.
Themes in poetry

Themes in poetry
Nationalism, country, love, faith religion etc.

Activism, martial law, bloody placards and makibaka
1972

1972
Activism, martial law, bloody placards and makibaka

Dev of country, environment
New society topics

Poetry, films, magazines, tv, radio
Lit works on new society

Lit works on new society
Poetry, films, magazines, tv, radio

Early Period
Middle period
Modern Period
Contemporary
21st century literature period

21st century literature period
Early Period
Middle period
Modern Period
Contemporary

New society topics
Dev of country, environment

1990-1930
Early Period

Dev of country, environment
New society topics

Poetry, films, magazines, tv, radio
Lit works on new society

Middle Period
1930-1960

1960-1974
Modern Period

Modern Period
1960-1974

Contemporary
1972- present

1972- present
Contemporary

2001 up to the present
How was the range of years in the 21st century written

Sharing of human experiences (ex noli me tangere and el fili)
Learn why you are and who you want to become
Learn and learn on what you might be in the future
Shows how filipino differs from others
Why we should study lit and why is it important

Historical Criticism
looks at ‘the world behind the text,’

Historical Criticism
by understanding the time the text was written and what other events took place upon the writing of the text

Lit works on new society
Poetry, films, magazines, tv, radio

Early Period
Middle period
Modern Period
Contemporary
21st century literature period

21st century literature period
Early Period
Middle period
Modern Period
Contemporary

New society topics
Dev of country, environment

1990-1930
Early Period

Early Period
1990-1930

1930-1960
Middle Period

Middle Period
1930-1960

Contemporary Period
1972 Present

1972 Present
Contemporary Period

Written roughly 2001 to present
How was the range of years in the 21st century

Sharing of human experiences (Noli and El Filli)

Shows how Filipino differs from others

Learn who you are and who you want to become

Learn and learn on what you might be in the future

Why we should study lit and why is it important to our life

Criticism
Analysis and judgement of merit and false or gaining artistic false

Historical Criticism
Historical events and circumstances

Dekada 70 and Noli Me
Ex of Historical Criticism

Historical Criticism
World behind the text

Historical Criticism
Context and life of the reader of the text

Biographical Criticism
Authors life and work which relates to the work of literature

Brave
Brilliant or intelligent ( 23 courses)
Uses pen and paper to fight
National hero of phil
Determination on enlightening the minds of filipinos
Patriotism
Jose Rizal attributes

Brave
Uses sword to fight
Lead the katipunan
Anti collonial
Goal of independence from spain patriotsim
Andres bonifacio

Enlights filipino minds
Content of Noli Me

1887
Noli me year of publication

1896
When was the Phil Revolution

1940s
When was the WWII

1970’s
When was the Martial Law

1999,2000s
The modern gen?

To appreciate a literary work better, to study and choose one that is appropriate to the reading selection
Why do we learn the approaches

Asuncion David~Maramba

Phil contemporary literature

He offers the 7 approaches and what book

Cultural
Formalistic or literary
Historical
Impressionistic
Moral or humanistic
Psychological
Sociological
The seven literary approaches

Critical Approach
Concerned about the culture of the race or group described in the selection

Material and non material
Division of culture

Material culture
Consist of group tools, implements, objects,artifacts, and other items that have physical existence

Non material culture
Groups language, religion, beliefs, laws, folkways, customs, traditions, and other items that have no physical existence

Formalistic or Literary Approach
Focuses on the structure or form of the reading selection

Prose narrative
Poem
Essay
Ex of literary works on formalistic approach

Historical Approach
Makes use of the reading selection data with events having historical significance

Impressionistic approach
Expresses his impression of the entire reading selection or of a portion or element of it

Moral or humanistic approach
Concerned about morals or the morality of a character or of his acts studies a reading selection

Psychological Approach
Investigates on the mental framework of the author as he wrote a reading selection

Sociological Apprpach
Concerned about social problems or social relationships

Biographical Criticism
Depends on the story life of the author

Cognitive scientific criticism
Is guided by his knowledge of science processes to explain how narrative is structured

Deconstruction deconstructive post structuralist criticism
Opened to the formalistic or structural approach how the selection was formed or constructed

Pascua and Roque, 2001

Deconstruction deconstructive post structuralist criticism

Assumption that the world is unknowable and that language is unstable, elusive amd unfaithful..
. accdng to?

Formalistic criticism or new criticism or structural criticism
Concerns himself about form and structure of the reading selection

Gender criticism

(Feminist criticism or LGBT criticism)ma

Treatment of the female gays lesbians in the reading selection

Historical criticism
Past events and criticizes the manner by which events influemced the reading. Selection

Impressionistic or reader response criticism
Investigates positive and negative responses of the readers to the reading selection

Linguistic or rhetorical criticism
Focuses on etymology or origin of words by writer

Marxist criticism
Centers on struggles of the working class to upgrade their living standard

Moral criticism or ethical criticism
Delves on moral or ethical issues affecting the reading selection

Myth theory or archetypal criticism
Emphasizes the role or archetypes (universal themes images patterns on literary works) in production orlf reading selectuon

Political criticism
Deals with manner by which politics political systems pol parties and the like of the characters in the story or the ideology of writer

Freudian Criticism
Another term for psychoanalytic

Psychoanalaytic
Another term for freudian criticism

Jungian criticidm
Another term for psychological criticism

Psychological criticism
Another term for.jungian

Sigmund Freud
The father of psychoanalaysis

Carl Gustav Jung
Father of analytical psychology

Psychoanalytic or freudian criticism
Concepts of dreams fantasies and how affect psychology of the vharacter or author in the reading selection

Psychology or jungian criticism
Analysis of characters psychology

Sociological criticism
Investigates the way society affects the lives of the characters in the reading selection

Stylistic criticism
Mannet by which the writer presents his ideas in the reading selection

Cognitive or scientific crit
Scientific knowledge

Moralistic crit
Matters good or evil

Marxist crit
Communistic ideals

Liglnguistic or rhetorical ceit
Grammaticak functions

Biographical crit
Life history

Feministic crit
Womens right

Politicak crit
State of the nation

Stylistic crit
Manner of presneting work

Metaphorical crit
Use of figurative comparisons

Structural crit
Form of the literary piece

Sociological crit
Social relationship

Historical crit
Past events

Freudian criticism
Psychoanalysis

Post structural crit
Emerging forms

Myth theory
Archetypes