17th and 18th century english literature

lyrical
suitable for music, expressing intense emotion

sensibility
use of emotionalism as opposed to rationalism

sentimental
overly emotional, giving enjoyment at the expense of emotions and idealizing human nature

cleric
a member of the clergy

contemplative
given to a concentration on spiritual or abstract things

John Milton
born 1608. wrote many political works that were later used to imprison him. included defending Charles 1, who was executed, parliament. continued to write after he became blind, included Sonnet XIX (on his blindness) wrote Paradise lost

commonwealth
politically organized body of people under a single government, also called a democracy or republic

pastoral elegy
a poem using imagery, usually used to describe country life

Milton
wrote Paradise Lost, on the morning of christ’s nativity

invocation
act of calling for help, act of legal enforcement

John Bunyan
writer and preacher, wrote the first part of Pilgrim’s Progress while in jail-published 1678.1684 he published the second part describing the fate of Christian’s wife and family. died in 1688w

Evangelist
preacher

Alexander Pope
1700s poet and satirist, uses heroic couplet for most satires. consists of two rhyming lines of iambic pentameter

satire
magnify and exaggerate, position object next to something undignified so there is a guilt by association, irony, praise-blame inversion- author seems as if he is praising something, but is actually condemning it

Scriblerus club
group of writers satirizing society. includes Alexander Pope and Jonathan Swift

burlesque
a mockery by exaggerated literary inflation

digression
turning aside from the main point

misanthrope
person who hates or distrusts all people

Jonathan Swift
poet, satirist, political writer, clergyman. Irish background. wrote Gulliver’s travels and A Modern Proposal

apothecary
one preparing and selling drugs. in the 18th century he also practiced medicine

artifice
trickery

conventions
rules or practices of conduct or behavior

flat mouthpiece
a character illustrating a single idea or quality; never surprises the reader with variety

pedant
one who parades his learning

Oliver Goldsmith
wrote the Deserted Village, friends with Samuel Johnson

epic
long narrative poem written in an elevated style, with episodes important to history of a nation or race