11th Grade: American Literature Vocab.

abhor
to regard with horror or loathing, to hate deeply.

amend
to change in a formal way for the better

buffet
to slap or cuff; to strike repeatedly

chaos
great confusion or disorder

commodious
roomy, spacious

corrosive
eating away gradually, acidlike. bitterly sarcastic

discern
to see clearly, recognize

extant
still existing, not exterminated, destroyed or lost

implicate
to involve in, to connect with or be related to

inter
to bury, to consign to oblivion

martinet
a strict disciplinarian

obviate
to anticipate and prevent, remove, dispose of

renegade
one who leaves a group (negative connotation)

reprehensible
deserving blame or punishment

somber
dark, gloomy

squalid
filthy, wretched

turbulent
disorderly, riotous

vociferous
loud and noisy, compelling attention

voluminous
of great size, numerous

waive
to do without, to give up voluntarily

animosity
strong dislike, bitter hostility

apathy
a lack of feeling or interest

apprehensive
fearful or anxious

commend
to praise

compatible
able to get along or work well together

condolence
an expression of sympathy

consecreate
to make sacred, to set apart for a special purpose

decrepit
old and feele

deride
to ridicule, laugh a with contempt

ingenuous
innocent, simple, frank

multifarious
having great variety

obsolete
out of date

omnivorous
eating every kind of food

parsimonious
stingy, “cheap”

quandary
a state of perplexity or doubt

recalcitrant
stubbornly disobedient

reprisal
an injury done in return for injury. (payback)

revel
to take great pleasure in

stultify
to make useless; cripple

suave
pleasing to the senses

allocate
to set apart or designate for a special purpose

ardent
very enthusiastic, impassioned

assiduous
persistant

brash
prone to act in a hasty manner

capricious
subject to whims or passing fancies

chastise
to scold severely

copious
abundant, plentiful

deviate
to stray from a norm

emaciated
made unnaturally thin

exult
to rejoice greatly

gnarled
knotted, twisted, lumpy

indemnity
a payment for damage or loss

inkling
a hint

limpid
clear, transparent

omnipotent
almighty, having unlimited power or authority

palatable
agreeable to one’s tastes or senses

poignant
deeply affecting, touching

rancor
bitter resentment, ill will

sophomoric
immature but overconfident

spontaneous
arising naturally

adversary
an oponent

alienate
to turn away

artiface
a skillful or clever trick

coerce
to compel, force

craven
coward

culinary
related to cooking

delete
to erase

demise
a death, usually of someone important

exhilarate
to enliven

fallow
plowed but not seeded, inactive

harass
to disturb with repeated attacks

inclement
stormy, harsh

muse
to think about in a dreamy way

negligable
so unimportant that it can be disregarded

perpetuate
to make permanent

precedent
and example that serves as a basis for later actions

punitive
inflicting or aiming at punishment

redress
to set right, remedy

sojourn
a temporary stay

urbane
refined in mannor or style

adroit
skillful with hands or mind

amicable
peaceable, friendly

averse
opposed

belligerent
given to fighting

benevolent
kindly, charitable

cursory
hasty, not thorough

duplicity
deceitfulness

extol
to praise extravagantly

feasible
able to be done

grimace
facial distortion

holocaust
large-scale destruction, especially by fire

impervious
not affected or hurt by

impetus
moving force

jeopardy
danger

meticulous
extremely careful

nostalgia
a longing for something past

quintessence
purest form of something

retrogress
to move backwards

scrutinize
to examine closely

tepid
lukewarm, unenthusiastic

adulterate
to corrupt

ambidextrious
to use both hands equally skillfully

augment
to make larger, increase

bereft
deprived of

deploy
to position or arrange

dour
stern, unyielding

fortitude
courage in facing difficulties

gape
to stare at with open mouth

gibe
to utter taunting words

guise
an external appearance

insidious
intended to deceive

intimation
a hint

opulent
wealthy

pliable
easily bent or flexible

reiterate
to say again, repeat

stolid
not easily moved

tentative
uncertain, hesitant

unkempt
untidy

verbatim
word for word

warily
cautiously

affiliated
associated; connected

acertain
to find out

attainment
an accomplishment; act of achieving

bequeath
to give or pass as an inheritance

cogent
forceful; convincing

converge
to move towards one point

disperse
scatter

esteem e
to regard highly

expunge
to erase

finite
having limits

invulnerable
not able to be wounded

malevolent
spiteful; showing ill will

nonchalant
cool and confident

oniscient
knowing everything

panacea
remedy for all ills

scrupulous
exact, careful, thorough

skulk
to move about stealthily

supercilious
proud

uncanny
strange, mysterious

venial
pardonable

altruistic
unselfish

assent
to express agreement

benefactor
one who does good to others

chivalrous
marked by honor

clemency
mercy, humaneness

dearth
lack, scarcity

diffident
shy

discrepancy
a difference, lack of agreement

embark
to make a start

facile
easily done or attained

indomitable
unconquerable

infallible
free from error

plod
to walk heavily or slowly

pungent
causing a sharp sensation; stinging or biting

remiss
carelessness

repose
to rest

temerity
rashness, boldness

truculent
agressive and cruel

unfeigned
sincere, real

virulent
poisonous, full of malice

accede
to yield to

brandish
to wave or flourish in a menacing fashion

comprise
to include or contain

deft
nimble, skillful

destitute
deprived of the necessities of life

explicit
definite; clearly stated

extirpate
to tear up by the roots, destroy completely

inopportune
coming at a bad time

ironic
suggestion an incongruity between what might be expected and what actually happens

musty
stale, moldy; out of date

officious
meddling

ominous
unfavorable bad omen

pinnacle
a high point; peak

premeditated
considered beforehand

rampant
growing without check, running wild

solace
comfort, relief

stately
dignified, majestic

supple
bending easily

suppress
to stop by force

venal
marked by corruption

abjure
to renounce

acrid
harsh in taste or odor

august
majestic

callous
emotionally hardened

clandestine
secret, underhanded

compunction
regret

conflagration
large fire

elated
in high spirits

indelible
not able to be erased or removed

indulgent
yielding to the wishes or demands of others

inveterate
firmly established, habitual

irrelevant
not to the point

nocturnal
occurring the night

platitude
a commonplace remark (cliche)

quell
put down forcibly

quiescent
inactive

ruminate
to think about at length (like a cow)

tacit
unspoken, inferred

tangible
capable of being touched

trenchant
forceful, effective, cutting but true!

allude
to refer to casually or indirectly

clairvoyant
supernaturally perceptive

conclusive
serving to settle an issue

disreputable
not respectable

endemic
native or confined to a particular region or people

exemplary
worthy of imitation

fathom
to understand

guile
treacherous cunning

integrity
honesty

itinerary
a route of travel

misconstrue
to interpret wrongly

obnoxious
highly offensive

placate
to appease, soothe

placid
calm peaceful

plagiarism
using the writings of another person

potent
powerful

pretext
a false reason

protrude
to stick out

stark
harsh, desolate

superficial
on or near the surface; shallow

acquiesce
to accept without protest

allure
to entice, tempt

askew
crooked

blithe
cheerful, casual

contentious
quarrelsome

covet
to desire something belonging to another

crestfallen
discouraged

disheveled
rumpled, hanging in disorder

exponent
to who advocates

garrulous
given to much talking

insuperable
incapable of being overcome

lamentable
to be regretted or pitied

misnomer
an unsuitable or misapplied name

profess
to affirm openly

respite
a period of rest

retribution
a repayment; deserved punishment

sinuous
winding; flexible

sonorous
full, deep; rich; impressive

vanguard
leading position in any field

wastrel
a wasteful person; good-for-nothing

antipathy
a strong dislike, hostile feeling

applicable
capable of being applied; relevant

asset
something of value; a resource

beset
to attack from all sides

compassion
sympathy for another’s suffering

decorum
proper behavior, good taste

duress
compulsion by threat; forcible confinement

exuberant
high-sprited, enthusiastic

facsimilie
an exact copy

imbibe
to drink; take in

implacable
not able to be pacified; unyielding

infinitesimal
so small as to be immeasurable

innocuous
harmless, inoffensive

militate
to have and effect on or force against someone

patent
exclusive rights over an invention

prowess
distinguished bravery

sedate
quiet, settle

stentorian
extremely loud

stipulate
to arrange specifically, require as a condition of an agreement

ultimatum
a final proposal

alacrity
a cheerful readiness

alleviate
to relieve, make more bearable

antithesis
the direct opposite

appall
to fill with dismay or horror

bellicose
warlike in manner, quarrelsome

disparge
to belittle, undervalue

dissonant
not in harmony

droll
amusingly odd

edict
an order issued

elucidate
to clarify, explain

laud
to praise

loll
to act in a lazy manner

loquacious
talkative

magnanimous
generous in forgiving

mandatory
required

nondescript
ordinary

phlegmatic
slow-moving, sluggish

rescind
to repeal, cancel

vivacious
lively, full of energy

whet
to sharpen

abrasive
causing irritation

acclimate
to adapt to a new climate

chagrin
irritation or humiliation caused by disappointment or frustration

complacent
self-satisfied

concur
to express agreement, approve

defamation
to slander or libel

explicate
to make clear

fracas
a noisy quarrel

grotesque
unnatural, distorted

pandemonium
a wild uproar

raucous
disagreeably harsh-sounding; disorderly

receptive
open and responsive to ideas

renounce
to give up something

repress
to hold back; to put down by force

reticent
not inclined to speak

savory
tasty; not sweet; inoffensive

somnolent
sleepy, drowsy

vehement
intense, forceful

voluble
well-spoken, fluent

zealous
eager, ernest