1-3 Literature Talk

conflict
the central problem of the story
conflict

internal conflict
this is a problem that takes place inside someone’s mind, like “good angel vs bad angel”
internal conflict

external conflict
a character’s struggle against an outside force (another person, nature, etc)
external conflict

point of view
the writer’s choice of narrator

narrator
the person or character who tells the story
narrator

first person
The narrator is a character in the story. This person tells the story how s/he sees it by using pronouns such as I, me, and my. S/he can show his/her own thoughts and feelings, but does not know what other characters are thinking and feeling.
first person

third person
The narrator is not a character in the story, but more like a voice who tells it. This person tells what’s happening to others using pronouns such as he, she, and they to refer to the characters.
third person

third person omniscient
This 3rd person narrator knows what ALL the characters think and feel.
third person omniscient

third person limited
This 3rd person narrator know the thoughts and feelings of just ONE character, usually the protagonist.
third person limited

narrative
This is a type of writing that tells a story. It usually follows a plot that starts with a conflict, leads us through rising action, a climax, and a resolution.
narrative

root
a word part that contains the core meaning of the word; you can add prefixes and suffixes to the root to use it in different ways, but the core meaning remains the same
root

tech
a Greek root that means “art”, “skill”, or “craft”
tech

technicality
a small point or minor detail
technicality

technique
A skillful or special way of doing something that may be difficult or complicated
technique

technology
Practical use of scientific information to improve the quality of human life: see also applied science
technology

technobabble
A way of speaking using techy words
technobabble

voice
a unique use of language that allows readers to “hear” the narrator’s human personality
voice

dialogue
written conversation between two or more characters which reveals their point of view by presenting what they think and feel through using their own words (marked with quotation marks)
dialogue

internal monologue
thoughts that a character has within his or her own mind (talking to himself), usually written in italics
internal monologue

nonrestrictive element
a phrase or clause that can be removed from a sentence without changing the sentence’s basic meaning
nonrestrictive element

DERIVE
obtain something from a specified source

Synonyms – obtain, get, take, gain, acquire

The rare ingredient derives from the remote jungles of South America.

DERIVE

SIGNIFICANT
sufficiently great or important to be worthy of attention; noteworthy

Synonyms – notable, noteworthy, worthy of attention, remarkable, important

There is always a significant increase in store sales during the holiday season.

SIGNIFICANT